Sticks and Stones - Bullyinf in America Essay

3466 Words May 27th, 2012 14 Pages
Sticks and Stones: Bullying in America
Thomas Martin
BEH – 331
September 20, 2011
Professor Shalanda Moten
Table of Contents

Introduction 3
Bullying Defined 3
Bullying in Schools 5
Bulling in Gangs 6
Workplace Bullying 7
Innovation in Intervention 8
Aggression Replacement Therapy. 9
Promoting Issues in Common. 11
Managing Workplace Bullying. 12
Conclusion 13

Sticks and Stones: Bullying in America
Bullying is an age-old problem that persists into the twenty-first century. Although it is one of the most pervasive issues in American schools, bullying tends to receive very little attention from faculty or administration. Learning institutions often advertise themselves as bully free environments, but
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Still others may consider bullying to be the teasing or taunting of another for no apparent reason. Actually, there are two key components to bullying behaviors: repeated harmful acts and an imbalance of power. Bullying involves “repeated physical, verbal, and/or psychological attacks or intimidation directed against a victim who cannot properly defend him/herself because of size or strength, or because the victim is outnumbered or less psychologically resilient” (Baron, Branscombe, & Byrne, 2009, p. 364). Bullying is now defined as a broad spectrum of behaviors, which include direct bullying, indirect bullying, and cyber-bullying. Direct bullying behaviors are those that can be carried out person to person. These include such actions as physical assault, fighting, punching, and hitting. Direct bullying also includes theft and/or destruction of the work or property of another. Also included in the description of direct bullying are all acts of intimidation including taunting, teasing, name-calling and demands for money. Indirect bullying, on the other hand, is most often perpetrated upon others through intentional exclusion, isolation, and/or ostracism based on perceived or actual differences. Sexual orientation, race, and religion are common reasons for which individuals are indirectly bullied during adolescence. Cyber-bullying is new since the late twentieth century. One of its unique characteristics is that cyber-bullying does

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