Stem Cell Research : Using The Body Of A Fetus Be Accepted? Essay
If you don’t already know, you may be asking yourself “What are embryonic stem cells?” (ESCs) are stem cells derived from the undifferentiated inner mass cells of a human embryo. Embryonic Stem Cells are pluripotent, meaning they are able to grow into all derivatives of the three primary germ layers: ectoderm, endoderm and mesoderm. If embryonic stem cells are allowed to clump together to form embryo bodies, they begin to differentiate spontaneously. Embryonic stem cells were first discovered in 1998 and research on them has not yet been well funded. Embryonic stem cells can be used in research to:
• Improve our understanding of how the body develops from a fertilized egg; this can also provide insights into how our adult tissues are maintained and repaired in health.
• Understand how diseases occur and develop; a number of diseases, such as cancer or birth defects are the result of problems in the process of differentiation from stem cells to more specialized cells.
• Search for and test potential new drugs by studying cells in the laboratory.
• Develop future cell-based therapies for currently untreatable diseases.
Today, any Embryonic Stem Cell research is funded by federal funds as long as they meet the National Institutes of Health’s strict ethical policies. Conversely, it is still not available to craft new embryonic stem…