Stem Cell Research Paper : Human Embryonic Stem Cells

1006 Words Oct 14th, 2015 5 Pages
Stem Cell Research Paper
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) continue to be a leading topic to scientific discussions due to their potential medical advantages. Embryonic stem cells originate from embryos and most from embryos that develop from eggs that have been fertilized in vitro. Scientist obtain these cells in vitro fertilization clinics. Human stem cells can be great for utilization in clinics and research for gathering information about the development of the human body. This work consists of identifying how undifferentiated stem cells become the differentiated cells that create the organs and tissues. Scientists are aware that turning genes on and off is important to this process. Cancer and birth defects are some serious medical conditions that can happen because of cell division and differentiation. A better understanding to the genetic and molecular controls of these developments may provide information about how these diseases eventuate and propose new tasks for therapy therefore it would have to undergo human clinical trials.
An adult stem cell, or as scientists call it Somatic Stem Cells, are undifferentiated cells found in differentiated cells’ tissues or organs. They can renew themselves and can differentiate to yield major cell types of the tissue or organ. The primary roles of adult stem cells in a living organism are to maintain and repair the tissue where they are found. Somatic refers to cells of the human body as opposed to germ cells, sperm or eggs.…

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