Essay about State Instability in Somalia

4157 Words Oct 26th, 2010 17 Pages
State Instability in Somalia: Islamic Extremism & Insurgency

“Historical Amnesia is a dangerous phenomenon, not only because it undermines moral

and intellectual integrity, but also because it lays the groundwork for crimes that lie ahead.”

Noam Chomsky

It is nearly impossible to pick up a copy of the New York Times or The Washington Post or turn on CNN and not see scenes of the humanitarian crisis, gangs, piracy, insurgency, and civil war regarding the deteriorating situation in Somalia splashed all over the pages. Due to increased piracy attacks, Somalia has gained world wide attention which has brought to light the declining conditions faced by hundreds of thousands of Somali’s. Starvation due to drought, clan
…show more content…
Burke argues that as modern armies, modern schools, and methods of communication developed, a great divide was brought about between religious traditional elite and reformers. Revolt brought on by village or tribal structures sparked political grievances, as well as conflict to European control, were part to play in the creation of these militant Islamic groups. In comparison, Eric Davis, author of “Radical Islamism: Discursive Struggle” explains radical Islam as the “expression of discontent and disenchantment with the political regime, economic insecurity, and the rising expectations of the individuals who make up these groups.” (Davis, 33-35)

The definition of Militant Islam provided by Davis represents comparisons with the Somalia case. The growth of Islamic extremism in Somali was in part a response to the threat of post colonial powers that had been present in the region, (though Somalia was never actually colonized). The increased threat of invasion by Ethiopia and the Barre regime which did not implement Sharia law and was considered to be a corrupt and apostate regime aided in the growth of extremism. Islamic militants in Somalia accused the government of choosing a constitution based on western values instead of one based on Quaranic values and upheld by Sharia. Somalia’s ultra Islamic clerics preached that the

Related Documents