Essay on Starvation : A World 's Biggest Social Injustices

1036 Words May 2nd, 2016 5 Pages
Starvation is one of the world’s biggest social injustices. A person dies every four seconds due to hunger and malnutrition. That translates to about 21,000 people each day (“Hunger and World Poverty”). Of these deaths, the majority of them are children. There are 7.3 billion people in the world (“2015 World Hunger”). Of the total world population, nearly 795 million people across the globe are undernourished; most of them live in developing and very poor countries (“Hunger Facts”). Undernourishment leads to malnutrition. Malnutrition can eventually lead to death. These deaths can be prevented; there is plenty of food to feed our world’s population. For those people trapped in hunger and poverty, help is on the way. Samaritan’s Purse is feeding them and teaching them to grow and sell their own food. Starvation begins in the form of malnutrition. Malnutrition indicates the absence of a proper diet. Acute malnutrition occurs when the body lacks proper nourishment and is forced to use its own energy reserves. The body begins to breakdown its own tissue to produce energy to survive (“Hunger”). This results in loss of muscle, bone and other tissues. Two types of malnutrition are protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiency (“2015 World Hunger”). Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) refers to a shortage of calories and protein. Humans require food with a proper calorie count to maintain constant energy. Protein is essential to build and maintain muscle. A lack of…

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