Standing Rock Sioux Tribe Essay

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The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of the Dakotas
Context:
The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe is located in both North and South Dakota. This tribe is often called the Sioux tribe, a derogatory term that dates back to the seventeenth century, when the Ojibwa called the Lakota and Dakota “Nadouwesou”. French traders then shortened it to its last syllable “Sioux” (“standingrock.org”, 10/21/14) Part of the Dakotas was purchased by the United States from France through the Louisiana purchase. The Dakotas were admitted as States of the Union on November 2nd, 1889 as the 39th and 40th states. The territory we now know as North and South Dakota has been home to many Indigenous tribes including the Mandans, Arikaras, Hidastas and many other tribes that migrated there but were driven out by the powerful Sioux tribe. In 1889, the Indian Appropriation Act was passed and established the Standing Rock Indian Reservation. “The Act broke up the Great Sioux Nation into smaller reservations, 2 million acres of which formed the Standing Rock Indian Reservation.” (“energy.gov”, 10/21/14)This tribe is part of the Dakota and Lakota nations and has “various Sioux divisions and each has important cultural, linguistic, territorial and political distinctions”(“standingrock.org”, 10/21/14). Despite their distinction, both the Dakota and Lakota Sioux have the same requirements for
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