Essay on Stamp Vignette On Medical Science Running Head

780 Words Oct 27th, 2015 4 Pages
1266 Mayo Clin Proc. • October 2005;80(10):1266 • www.mayoclinicproceedings.com
STAMP VIGNETTE ON MEDICAL SCIENCE RUNNING HEAD
Sir Charles Sherrington—“the William Harvey of the Nervous System”
MARC A. SHAMPO, PHD; ROBERT A. KYLE, MD; AND DAVID P. STEENSMA, MD
Sir Charles Scott Sherrington, English neurophysiologist, has been called “the William Harvey of the nervous system” because his contributions to knowledge of the mammalian nervous system are comparable to those of the English physician and anatomist William Harvey
(1578-1657) to knowledge of the circulatory system. In a career that spanned 69 years, Sherrington laid the foundation for understanding the integrated function of the nervous system in higher animals. This work earned him many honors and awards, including the 1932 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine. He shared this prize with the
English physiologist Edgar Douglas Adrian (1889-1977)
“for their discoveries regarding the function of neurons” in the activity of the brain and spinal cord. Sherrington investigated nearly every aspect of nervous function, and his work had a direct influence on neurosurgery and the treatment of neurologic disorders.
Sherrington was born on November 27, 1857, in Islington, a suburb of London, England. He attended grammar school in Ipswich (about 60 miles northeast of London) from
1870 to 1875, after which he began medical training at St
Thomas’s Hospital in London. In 1879, he left his medical training and became a student at…

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