St. Peter's Architectural Analysis

Superior Essays
• Architectural Design
St. Peter’s in Rome was rebuilt in the 16th century, and it replaced a very old basilican structure. St. Peters was built under the supervision of two different Popes, Nicholas V and Julius II. Very little was accomplished under Nicholas’s reign, but the work was completed under Julius’ reign. The work began on Aril, 18, 1506 and the work continued through a succession of architects: Bramante, Raphael, Peruzzi, and Sangallo which all made huge changes to the design. Then the dome of St. Peters was designed by Michelangelo, and the nave plan was changed again by Sixtus V. The building was finished in 1614, and was consecrated by Urban VII on November 18, 1626. (Oxford University Press, 2009)
St. Peter’s total length from the entrance to the apse is 403.5 feet, the nave itself is 298 feet long. The wide of the nave and aisles together is 208 feet, and there five parallel spaces of the nave and aisles that have 22 columns each. The total amount of columns is 100, which is one of the reason St. Peter’s is so famous. The nave’s height from the pavement to the peak of the rook is 124.5 feet tall. There are windows in the outer aisles but they filter the light, the main illumination comes from the eleven windows on each side above the colonnade. The column shafts in the
…show more content…
Peter’s contains many sacred objects with the most important being St. Peter himself. The important symbolism of St. Peter is being one of the twelve apostles of Jesus. The next sacred object and important symbolism is that fact that St. Peter’s was built upon a grave site that had grown up around the ruins of Circus of Nero. The legend is that Peter and other Christians were martyred in this circus (Kinney, n.d.). The St. Peter’s in Rome contains many different status that have been placed on top of the building, and throughout the building. Also, St. Peter’s has many different tombs enclosed in its wales of different popes and many other important people. (Kinney,

Related Documents

  • Great Essays

    The video on YouTube named “Middle Ages Architecture: How the great cathedrals were built-Documentary” by Science&Technology 4U states that Gothic Cathedrals have dominated the skies for over a thousand years. How did engineers in the middle ages without any modern tools constructed cathedrals? Some experts started investigating how engineers built those amazing cathedrals. Apparently, a hidden mathematical code written on the pages of The Bible was used as a blueprint. Taller than the ancient pyramids of Egypt, large enough to hold the statue of Liberty, 100 million pounds of stone, as heavy as the Empire State Building, Gothic Cathedrals are a revolution in building.…

    • 1876 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Zaha Hadid Research Paper

    • 947 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The Heydar Aliyev Cultural Center was inaugurated in 2013 after construction work lasted about seven years and Zaha Hadid received the best design award. The total area of the Heydar Aliyev Cultural Center in Baku is about 100,000 square meters and has a huge parking space of four floors In addition to the supervision of natural areas characteristic, on one of its outer walls an artificial waterfall to give a kind of tranquility of visitors, and there is a pool of pools and a conference center and a large library, all overlap within the space of the internal open-scale and object to the path of something. The Heydar Aliyev cultural center in Baku is considered to be the cultural and creative spirit of the city. Zaha Hadid did not forget to highlight the curves of the sea that are similar to the high waves of the sea, which come in a sequential way to give an amazing flow from the arena outside the building to the roof of the building that meets with its land. At a specific point.…

    • 947 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Jesus Chapter 27 Analysis

    • 945 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Jesus bore the sins of all mankind in that moment and became the perfect sacrifice on our behalf. The Law and the Old Testament sacrificial system pointed to this event. Jesus’s death spelled the end of the Old Covenant and the beginning of the New Covenant. After Jesus died on the cross, there were some strange and supernatural events that occurred. First, many graves were opened and many bodies of the saints arose.…

    • 945 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Essay On Pantheon

    • 450 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The building was later repaired by the emperors Septimius Severus and Caracalla in 202 AD before the Byzantine emperor Phocas gave the building to Pope Boniface IV who converted the Pantheon into the church of Ssanta Maria and Martyrs in 609 AD. The building consecration as a church saved it from the abandonment and spoliation which befell the majority of ancient Rome’s buildings during the early mediaeval period. The reason we chose Pantheon as our topic is not simply because of the beauty and design of the architecture but the history of the Pantheon that make it so special. It has withstood the ravages of both the elements and war permitting a firsthand view of unique product constructed by Roman hands. It still amazed us how the Pantheon managed to survive barbarian raids when all the Roman monuments had been shattered while Pantheon still intact with its splendor and…

    • 450 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Santa Maria Novella is made up of various additions and considerable remodelling. Because of this collaboration over the years, the Church houses some of the most famous art and Renaissance architecture. Being built from the 1200s ‘modern’ methods of construction where not accessible. Santa Maria Novella was…

    • 926 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Western architecture has evolved into many different forms over the past three centuries. It started with the Greeks and the Romans creating basic architectural elements, and continued with many different eras using these elements to create buildings that are distinctly unique. This paper’s goal is to showcase the development of Western architecture from the Romans through the Gothic Era, starting at the creation of basic elements and ending with grand buildings that have used these elements to create something new. The Colosseum, one of the first great examples of Western architecture stands in Rome, Italy, and was built over twenty years, from 70-80 BCE. Its opening ceremonies lasted nine months..…

    • 1306 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    With Christianity spreading along the Mediterranean, Christina congregations needed buildings to accommodate large number of converts. Constantine, the first Christina emperor decided to build the Basilica of San Peter on the Vatican Hill in Italy Rome in an area that had been formerly a cemetery where according to the traditions Peter was crucified. The principal portion of the Basilica, the nave was very long. Two aisles ran along the side of the nave making it wider. In the west part of the Basilica, the nave rose in to a clerestory.…

    • 987 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The stories told by the divider artistic creations and pictographs recount interest, love, war and confidence. The ancient Egyptian culture strongly affected other ancient civilizations. Egyptian ministers had designed things that deliberate time, including the sundial , water clock and calendar . The Roman government official Julius Caesar utilized the ancient Egyptian date-book as a model for the Roman schedule, which was utilized as a part of Western societies until it was changed somewhat in 1582 . The ancient Egyptians likewise built up the fundamental unit of measuring length, the cubit.…

    • 877 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Ajanta Cave 1 Case Study

    • 1238 Words
    • 5 Pages

    It is considered one of the earliest, most notable examples of use of Greek cross plan in Renaissance architecture. The church has four equal-size arms surmounted by a small dome. The external covering is typically bichrome as in many other Prato's buildings, using white and green marble. The lower fraction shows a framed decoration which originally was to be reproduced in the upper area, finishing with atympanum (this can be seen only in one arm).The small cupola, of Brunelleschi's inspiration, has a drum with twelve circular windows and a conical covering surmounted by a…

    • 1238 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Sara Wittbold Araoz APAH P.2 Google Classroom READ & WATCH Response: BYZANTIUM & ISLAM Response 1: Hagia Sophia / Byzantine Empire From its grand beginnings, as the “seat of Christianity” at the start of Constantinople, the Hagia Sophia has seen many faiths, as well as tragedies. After the Hagia Sophia’s first mysterious destruction, it was rebuilt by Constantine’s son, Constantinius II in 360 CE to serve as magnificent cathedral for the city. Again in 532 CE the Haiga Sophia was destroyed, and again rebuilt, this time by Emperor Justinian, into the structure that still stands today. After the Ottomans came into power, Sultan Mehmet II, rededicated the Hagia Sophia to Allah and converted it into a Masque- one of the last stages of its long…

    • 726 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays