Spongy Bone Research Paper

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The human body has two hundred six bones that make up around fifteen percent of all body weight. They are vital for a body’s regular activities, so it can be very devastating when the bone is harmed from disease or injury. Many have suggested some factors that contribute to the harming of bone, but one of the most prevalent ones is caffeine. The purpose of this paper is to describe the anatomy of the human bone, discuss the health of bones, and show caffeine’s effect on the calcium in bones (“Bone Anatomy”). Bones are necessary for many important functions of the human body. Their intelligent structure allows muscles to attach and, therefore, allows for movement. They also protect the organs needed to provide human life. Bones store energy-rich …show more content…
Compact bone, the strongest of the bones, consists of two outer layers, and it keeps the other more delicate layers safe. It is the foothold for your body and muscles because it is used when doing physical activities such as walking, running, or jumping. Spongy bone is hard and in a solidified state similar to compact bone. When looked at microscopically, however, spongy bone falsely appears to be soft and flexible like a kitchen sponge. It is found at joints and edges of the whole bone and forms roughly one fifth of all the bones in the body. Lastly, the inner composition of bone is bone marrow. This bone is a soft tissue unlike spongy and compact bone. It can either be red or yellow, and both types provide passage for incoming nutrients and elimination of waste through the use of veins and blood vessels (“Bone …show more content…
The bones that make up the clavicle, sternum, and clavicle go through the growth process known as intramembranous osteogenesis. In this process, the osteoblasts form bone matrix and become osteocytes. The osteocytes connect with other osteocytes to form a network allowing for nutrients to be diffused. The bone cells transport materials along the line as needed so that each cell can receive the proper nutrients, and they continue this process until flat bone is formed. In long bones, which include the humerus and femur, a different growth process is used. The beginning formation of the bone appears as a simpler form of the future complete bone. Through continued growth, the bone allows blood vessels which provide bone stem cells to come inside. As the cartilage cells reduce, the bone cells fill in the the empty space with more bone. The outer compact bone portion does not have much empty space, and the center of the bone consisting of the spongy bone and marrow cavity are filled with the yellow and red marrow. The cartilage continues to disperse leaving room for new bone. A person’s bone length is dependent on the extra cartilage they receive during early childhood. The only cartilage that will remain after the growth process is completed will be in the middle as growth occurs lengthwise until there is no cartilage left. This happens when a person is in their twenties

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