Spinoza Rationalism

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Question 1: What relevance do you perceive of Spinoza’s political philosophy as a rationalist in understanding the functioning of constitutional regimes and society in contemporary times? Reason out your argument.
Answer 1: A civilization of free man would be perfect combination. However, the unrestricted man exists only as a model; all real men are defectively rational. The apprehension of the State is to bring it around that the actual connections between individuals most carefully approximate the ideal culture of free men; i.e. the objective of the State is to make illogical, selfish man as rational and righteous as possible. Spinoza’s explanation is to accept statutory measures and institutional techniques that channel the natural desires
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Spinoza’s political theory is derived from Hobbes. He says that in a State of nature there is no right or wrong, for wrong consists in disobeying the law. He holds that sovereign can do no wrong. He wants to create an authority. He was a victim of Church’s domination. So he wanted sovereign to decide religious matters he opposes to all rebellion, even against a bad government. But he disagrees with Hobbes in thinking democracy the ‘most natural’ form of government and also that subjects should not sacrifice all their rights to the sovereign, especially the freedom of opinion. Right of freedom of opinion should not be surrendered as a part of social contract because this is the way we hold our rationality. In contemporary times there exists both, the concept of individualism and social contract theory which implies the tacit consent of the subjects of the State. According to Hobbes in social contract theory an individual surrender all his rights to the State but Spinoza says though you surrender all your rights to the State yet you should not surrender your right of freedom of opinion. In the current scenario also individuals have surrendered their rights to the State but State has guaranteed Fundamental …show more content…
Those who believe in a supreme God “imagine that there are two powers, different from each other, the power of God and the power of natural things… they imagine the power of God to be like the authority of royal majesty and the power of natures to be like a force and impetus”. On Spinoza’s interpretation, God is not a transcendent lawmaker, God is nature itself. Spinoza’s naturalism involves that all claims of power deriving from God’s determination are inaccurate. This is a direct reproach not only of protectors of the divine right of royals, but also of maximum accounts of natural rights as privileges that were encompassed by many 17th century theorists. In short, by accepting the opinion that nature is univocal and that man is ruled by the identical law as the whole lot in nature. Spinoza rejects the natural law tradition. Humanising the God: Spinoza answers to it. He thinks that it controls the society. So he has two propositions, i.e. either negate God or change the conception. So he changes the conception of God. ‘All determination is negation’. He says everything is governed by an utter logical necessity. There exists no such thing like free will in the mental or physical sphere. Everything is directed by God, therefore it is virtuous. Negation subsists only from the argument of finite creatures. In God, who unaccompanied is absolutely real, there exists no negation and therefore the corrupt what to us seem

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