Speech: The First Battle Of Bull Run

Good Essays
The First Battle of Bull Run

The first battle of bull run took place on July 21, 1861 near Manassas, Virginia. The leader of the union troops, General McDowell, encountered confederate troops near Bull Run Creek, led by P.G.T. Beauregard and Joseph Eggelston Johnston. McDowell spent two days trying to get around them. Union troops crossed Bull Run Creek and managed to drive back all of the confederate forces except one battalion, led by Thomas Jackson. He earned his nickname when one soldier yelled: There’s Jackson standing there like a stone wall! The Union and Confederate troops fought, but all the while, the confederates were receiving backup. Finally, the Union forces were forced to retreat, but they had to scatter because all the spectators
…show more content…
military, but was in confederate territory. The confederates claimed it was theirs, but the union said it was theirs. President Lincoln told union general Robert Anderson to stay in the fort. Fort Sumter was attacked by confederates, but since the cannons were facing the sea the people in Fort Sumter had a hard time fighting back. The people in the fort lasted for 34 hours before surrendering to the confederates.

Second Battle of Bull Run

The Second Battle of Bull Run took place in August 1862. On day one, John Pope and “Stonewall” Jackson were tied up. On day two, there were heavy casualties on both sides. On day three, the Union lost, when the Confederates forced them to retreat. The Confederates had won for now.

Battle of Antietam

The Battle of Antietam took place on September 17, 1862 at Antietam Creek, Massachusetts. Union General McClellan had found Confederate General Robert E Lee’s battle plans, so he had the upper hand. The Union’s victory pushed back Robert E. Lee, and prevented them from moving further north.

Siege of
…show more content…
The battle was the largest and bloodiest battle in american history with approximately 51,000 casualties. For the first two days, the Union troops, led by George Mead, were able to hold off the Confederates, led by Robert E. Lee and George Pickett. On the third day, George Pickett came up with a plan to charge the Union’s line of defense. The attack was dubbed “Pickett’s Charge.” During Pickett’s charge, some 15,000 Confederate soldiers raced up Cemetery ridge, but failed in their attack. After this, the confederates gave up the

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    The effect was appalling. The entire front line, with few exceptions, went down in the consuming blast.” (p.91). By 12:00 after two hours of fighting the Confederate line finally broke and they appeared to be in full retreat. As the advantage shifted toward Lee, Ambrose Burnside led his men across a heavily guarded bridge pushing back the Confederates. By 3 P.M., Burnside had eight thousand troops advancing in a three quarters of a mile line.…

    • 1076 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    they formed the Confederate army, while the North formed The Union army. The Confederates were continuously threatening Fort Sumter in South Carolina, which was a Union fort, until April 12, 1861 when the Confederates fired the first shots of the war. They blasted the fort with artillery for less than two days until Major Robert Anderson surrendered the fort. After the victory four more states joined the Confederacy, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina,Tennessee, and Texas. The Confederates were led by Robert E. Lee who absolutely loved war “It is well war is so terrible–we would grow too fond of it.” (from Robert E. Lee on history.com) The Union army was led by President Abraham Lincoln who was a superior political and war leader and Ulysses S. Grant who was appointed major general after he took over the Mississippi Valley "No terms except an unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted."…

    • 1086 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    After General Lee’s successful outcomes at the Battle of Fredericksburg and Battle of Chancellorsville, he believed that he could invade again and still be successful. The Confederate Army marched into Pennsylvania and Maryland, and General George Gordon Meade’s Union Army met them in a town called Gettysburg. After battling for two days, on July 3rd, the battle turned and became desperate; the Confederate Army turned back for Virginia. At this point, the war would never be the same. The Confederate Army knew that they would never get another chance at defeating the North for good.…

    • 1107 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Battle Of Gettysburg Essay

    • 1044 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The war of Gettysburg started on July 1, 1863 and ended on July 3, 1863. The battle of Gettysburg lasted a small three days, but the war was perhaps one of the most deadliest wars ever fought out on American soil. Before the war of Gettysburg started, Robert E. Lee had won a tremendous battle at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, in May 1863. After the battle Robert Lee had already came up with a plan to strike the North again. This time he would strike Virginia again, but this time at Gettysburg.…

    • 1044 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Beauregard found the terms unacceptable and said that if the fort wasn’t evacuated in two hours, they would begin firing on the fort. Two hours later, forty-three Confederate cannons began their onslaught on Fort Sumter. The Confederates continued to fire on the fort for thirty-four hours. To conserve ammunition Fort Sumter only started to fire two hours after being attacked and fired only one round every 10 minutes.Thirty-four hours after the start of the attack, the fort surrendered. Because of the generous terms of surrender, Anderson was able to give a one hundred gun salute…

    • 701 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Battle of Antietam is the bloodiest battle in American history. On September 17, 1862, approximately 22,720 soldiers were either killed, wounded, or missing after the gruesome fight. This battle halted the Confederate general’s drive through Maryland and caused General Lee to withdraw into Virginia. Although contributed as a Union victory, since the Confederates withdrew south of the Potomac River, McClellan loss his chance at dismantling Lee’s Army. General McClellan’s usual hesitation allowed General Lee to withdraw uninterrupted.…

    • 1810 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    What Caused The Civil War

    • 1093 Words
    • 5 Pages

    This was by far, as we know it the start of the “American Civil War” Speaking of battles, The first battle known as the “ Battle Of Bull Run” was the first major land battle occurring in July 21, 1851 near Manassas, Virginia. There we’re estimately 28,450 Union troops, which undertook a surprise attack on 32,000 Confederate Troops, This was costly towards the Union troops. And lost 3,000 casualties. One year after the first battle, just as Union started to lose hope at this war. Then it happened, April 13th, 1862 was indeed a very important day, especially day to the Union.…

    • 1093 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    An hour after that, Pickett’s charge goes into effect. 12,000 Confederate soldiers attack Union troops without a sign. The charge ultimately failed. The day was filled with failures from the Confederate forces. The Union was gaining the confidence they so dearly needed from the beginning of the battle.…

    • 757 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    General Robert E. Lee is leading the Confederate Army numbering approximately 70,000 troops. General George G. Meade commands the Union Army nearly 95,000. The Confederate Army was the Army of Northern Virginia, and the Union Army was the Potomac Army. Neither Army was aware of the others position, although General George G. Meade was chasing General Robert E. Lee they really just collided by accident due to so many roads all leading to the town of Gettysburg. Both armies’ sustain heavy losses, but after three days of fighting General Robert E. Lee is forced to retreat back into Virginia.…

    • 1566 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Then the fighting in northern Virginia at Spotsylvania court house took place where the confederates equvilent troops compared to thier sizes. the war kept moving to Cold Harbour where another equal, to thier sizes, died. This battle went on for nine months. Sherman also had a long battle called hte March to the Sea where he invaded Georgia took Atlanta and destroyed the southerners will to fight. More and more confederates began to turn thier backs on the rebellion as they were getting demolished and thier wives begged them to stay.…

    • 1024 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays