Special Education History Essay

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History of Special Education and Recent Effective Practices

Between the 1965 and 1975, state legislatures, the US Congress and the federal courts pushed for strong educational rights for children with disabilities. Out of the fifty states, forty-five state legislatures passed laws which mandated, encouraged and funded special education programs. Federal courts than followed by ruling that schools would no longer be able to discriminate on the basis of a student’s disability and that parents had due process rights related to the schooling needs of their child. This act is now called the IDEA, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, which lays out detailed procedural protections for those eligible for special education services, parental
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Over the next few pages, we will take a look a brief look into the history of special education before it became mandated in schools, how it changed after the IDEA act was put into place, and the …show more content…
With the new view of the those who were attending school at institutions, the development of special education classes in the public school system began, with segregated day classes with specialized programming to extend to a wider range of children. These special education classrooms were designed to take the children who were low-functioning, disabled or have difficult behaviors out of the regular classroom and put them into a separate area for special classes. This came from the idea of the school officials who felt that placing them in the regular classroom would disrupt order, could contaminate the learning of other children and would lower the standards of the school. This came at a time when laws were being put into place that compelled children to have to attend schools, with the laws first requiring those who were not disabled to attend school and soon after, including those with disabilities. With the law now saying that all students must attend schooling, state funding increased in support for special classes since they could no longer ignore these students. By the mid 1920’s, about two-thirds of the large cities in the United States and also many in Canada had special classes that were designed for those students

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