Special Air Cargo Essay

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Special Air Cargo There are several categories of special air cargo for which airlines and air cargo operators must provide accommodations. Three of these categories are: high value cargo, perishable cargo, and hazardous materials. When an airline accepts this special cargo for transport, it must provide special equipment to handle the cargo, specialized warehouses to store it or trans-ship it, and sometimes specially configured aircraft to transport it. There are also international and national regulations that airlines must follow in order to transport this special cargo from one location to another.
High Value Cargo High value cargo can be anything from a one of a kind piece of artwork to jewelry or luxury items to sensitive electronics.
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It includes goods from the health care and food sectors, including pharmaceutical products and nonhazardous biological materials that are time and temperature sensitive, fresh fruits and vegetables, and fresh flowers. Perishable cargo is regulated by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Air Transport Association (IATA) Perishable Cargo Regulations (PRC) to ensure that it reaches its destination in optimal condition and meets international and local national food and pharmaceutical safety regulations. The PRC contains up to date airline and government requirements regarding the transport of perishable cargo, and outlines the requirements on handling, marking and labeling, packaging and documentation required to ship perishable cargo (IATA-PRC, …show more content…
Dangerous goods are defined as any goods or substances that pose a risk to health, safety, property, or the environment. These goods are regulated internationally by IATA and the classification, maximum allowed quantities, documentation, packaging, marking, handling, and transporting of dangerous goods are published in the Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) (Sales, 2013, p. 74). The DGR classifies dangerous goods into 9 categories or classes of hazardous materials (HAZMAT): Class 1 – Explosives; Class 2 – Gases; Class 3 - Flammable Liquids; Class 4 - Flammable Solids; Class 5 - Oxidizing Substances; Class 6 - Toxic and Infectious Substances; Class 7 - Radioactive Material; Class 8 – Corrosives; Class 9 - And Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods (IATA-Hazard Labels, n.d.). Some dangerous goods are forbidden for carriage on passenger aircraft and can only be transported on cargo-only aircraft. The freight forwarder, cargo handlers, and airline workers that handle dangerous goods must be certified every 24 months to ensure that they know proper procedures for documentation, marking, packaging, and handling of the cargo (IATA-About DGR,

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