Spanish Essay

3358 Words Jan 1st, 2014 14 Pages
Analyse the use of language and popular culture in Carmen Martín Gaite’s El cuarto de atrás and Rosa Montero’s Te trataré como a una reina. How do they influence identity (and specifically gender identity)?
Carmen Martin Gaite and Rosa Montero are two female Spanish writers that grew up under the Francoist regime and who where part of the ‘feminist boom’ of Spanish writing that appeared in the ‘transition period’. They concentrated on those traditionally marginalised by society, particularly women. The themes concentrated on female issues such as motherhood, relationships, female relations, power, suppression, societal ideas and most importantly identity. While there was indeed the publishing of many memoirs that dealt with an
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Antonio’s machista identity that he displays in public, such as his dealing with Inspector Garcia is contrasted against the narrator’s description of his feminine appearance and his romanticised diary entries. By using different forms of narrative, the author, not only shapes an image of gender identity within the society from different perspectives but also challenges it. A metaphysical narration is also used to great effect within El Cuarto de atras in order to create an image of gender identity. Gaite uses the first person narrative except at the beginning and the end. This novel combines biographical elements with memory, metafiction and fiction in order to create a collective vision . Thus this narration influences our understanding of the identity of a whole generation of women, rather than just the protagonist. The fact that the narration is not strictly linear in both texts also influences identity perception. Montero gives the conclusion of the story at the start and then we work through the novel to understand how matters came to be as they are. Throughout the novel we are offered information on the characters past that help our understanding of the character’s in their present state. (for example Antonio and Antonia’s experience living with a patriarchal father and a submissive mother) In el cuarto de atras, there is much jumping back and forth to the past and present as C recounts her memories. These memories, as

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