Essay on Spanish vs. German Outline

810 Words Dec 23rd, 2015 4 Pages
Brandon Jacobs
Mr. Astle
3rd hour
23 Oct. 2013 I. Introduction A. (Hook) Hola! ¿Cómo está todas? Quiero decirte por qué alemán es mejor que español. [Hello, how is everyone? I want to tell you why German is better than Spanish] B. (Thesis, Need statement, Outline) To determine which language class to take at SHS, two factors must be considered: difficulty, which can further be broken down more into grammar, pronunciation, and similarity to English, and usefulness. II. Body C. The difficulty of a language varies from person to person (because no two people learn the exact same) and can depend upon grammar, pronunciation, and the similarity to one’s native language. 1. Grammar a. Cases
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A few dialects of German also feature a trill, but it isn’t as prominent as in Spanish. A trill may be difficult for a native English speaker to pronounce. d. “acht” sound iv. The correct pronunciation of “acht” – the German word for eight – features a voiceless uvular fricative, which means that it’s an unvoiced (not using the vocal cords) consonant articulated using the uvula. Like the alveolar trill, voiceless uvular fricatives may also be hard for native English speakers to pronounce. 3. Lexical Similarity to English e. German and English belong to the same branch of the Indo-European language family – Germanic – specifically the West Germanic branch. Despite being so closely related, the two languages only have an estimated lexical similarity of 60% because of the Latin and French influence on English ("German, Standard | Ethnologue"). f. Spanish and English belong to two completely different branches of the Indo-European language family. While English is classified as a Germanic language, Spanish is classified as a Romance language. Spanish and English have an estimated 30% lexical similarity. D. Usefulness The usefulness of a language is easy to determine as it only has two simple factors – number of speakers and geographic distribution. 4. German g. As of today, German is estimated to be spoken by 90,300,000

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