South Korea Essay

1953 Words 8 Pages
Great changes in culture and advancements in technology in short spans of time, staying strong under less than friendly circumstances. That is the Modus Operandi of South Korea, despite the nation’s relatively young age, and conditions of coming into existence; it is a major Asian power. Prosper in the face of adversity, with the odds stacked against you, when no one expects you to. Seeing where something comes from can shed light on how it became the way it is. When someone or something is faced with a lot of hardships, those obstacles can lead to something truly amazing. Looking at Korea’s history, it is clear to see that the country has seen a lot of hardship.
Tribes controlled the landmass of Korea, but kingdoms would come into existence.
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However, this policy of isolation meant that Korea would fell behind other countries in industry and tech. [1] Some attempted to bring new ideas allowing for the assimilation of western technology under eastern ideals; but the conservative nature of Confucianism prevented sudden, large changes. In 1876 merchants from Japan began trading in Busan, and forced the Koreans to sign a treaty of trade and friendship; despite the fact the treaty considered Japan and Korea independent from each other, Japan was obviously the one in control. In 1882 Korea and the SA signed a similar treaty, with treaties for Britain, Germany, Russia and France in the following years. [1] In 1882 some soldiers revolted, causing the burning of Japanese property and the death of Japanese citizens. Korea was forced to pay compensation and sign the new treaty of Jemulpo. This increased Japan 's control, and the same rebellion served as an excuse for China to send troops into Korean territory. Members of the Donghak religion, and peasant attempted another rebellion. Demanding reforms while also swearing loyalty to the king. Said king appealed to both China and Japan from troops. He agreed to a truce with the rebels, but Japan refused to pull out. China and Japan struggled for control, and Korea, which had always been a tribute of China was now occupied …show more content…
Faced with worsening economic troubles, unemployment, and riots Rhee resigned. Allowing General Park Chung-hee to take control of the country. The general declared martial law initially, however he did hold an election in 1963, which he won. And second and third elections in 1967 and 1971 respectively, winning all of them. His rule was repressive, and after his third time becoming sworn into office, wrote up a new constitution, giving himself more power. General Park Chung-hee was assassinated in 1979. [2] Despite the less than hospitable rule, South Korea 's economic situation had grown drastically. Turning from an unimpressive, underdeveloped country into a bustling power economy. Regardless of his oppressive rule, General Park 's development of road, and bridges and emphasis on education, is largely responsible for the transformation. [1] After the general’s assassination, the military took steps to maintain order, and General Chun Doo-hwan took power in 1980. He declared martial law and arrested his opposition. Demonstrations against him led by students were met with deadly force. Korea 's economy continued to grow as the country dug itself out of poverty, becoming a prosperous society. [1] Unrest on the parts of students and Christian leaders who spoke out against him convinced Chun to step down. Elections were held and General

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