South China Seal Oil Dispute Essay

6531 Words Sep 20th, 2015 27 Pages
South China Sea Oil Dispute

International Business Law – BUL 6850

South China Sea Oil Dispute
Introduction
The South China Sea dispute is a territorial wrangle among certain Asian countries. The rivalry dates back to the Sino-Japanese War of 1894 (Roberts & Buszynski, 2015). The interest by these countries is the suspected oil potential of the region and fishing grounds. China claims the majority of the area covering hundreds of miles east and south of its southern province of Hainan. Other countries involved in the dispute include Taiwan, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, and Brunei, all part of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) (See Appendix 1). The United States (U.S.) is an interested entity in the
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(Fravel, 2014). As a sponsor of this initiative, the U.S. is trying to ensure that Sea Lines of Communication remain accessible to all nations, both for trade and military operations; e.g., coastal defense and humanitarian interventions (Cronin, 2012). Unhindered navigation of all ships in the South China Sea is crucial for peace and prosperity of the Asian Pacific region (Bader, 2014).
The active role of the U.S. in the dispute-zone has always troubled Beijing, but concern notably started in 2007 when the U.S. paid closer attention to the South China Sea because of its increased international trade (Fravel, 2014). According to Laborie (2012), China made claims that the South China Sea dispute was not an issue for Washington D.C. to get involved in, and that the continued presence of U.S. military would only antagonize China’s government. In the published book Construction of Chinese Nationalism in the Early 21st Century: Domestic Sources and International Implications by Professor Suisheng Zhao, he quotes: “The Chinese regard Americans as unwanted outsiders and as their great power rival” (Zhao, 2014, p. 183). However, President Obama’s Administration emphasized the need for unbarred sea pathways in order to thwart this dispute from directly affecting international trade. From Washington’s standpoint, both commercial and military vessels ought to enjoy oceanic freedom, as outlined in

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