Essay about South Carolina And The Tariff Of 1828

1044 Words May 28th, 2016 null Page
South Carolinians were against the Tariff of 1828 due to the fact that it increased the price of imports tremendously. South Carolina was already suffering from agricultural depression caused by low cotton prices and exhausted farmlands, and the tariff further worsened the situation. The state leaders claimed that the tariff was clearly favoring the northern manufacturers because South Carolina would either have to pay the higher price for imported items or they would have to buy the goods from the north. Calhoun, a fellow slave owner in the South, sought to protect states’ rights. Accordingly, he came up with his theory of nullification: states have the right to nullify any federal law that is deemed unconstitutional. Therefore, South Carolinians believed that there would be a reduction in tariff once Calhoun was vice president. However, nothing changed, and the Webster-Hayne debate in 1830 further divided lines among states’ rights and the Union. Additionally, it was a surprise when president Jackson, a slave owner, announced he was opposed to nullification and for the Union. Tensions rose between Calhoun and Jackson. When Calhoun assumed leadership of the nullificationists, Jackson requested for Congress to reduce the tariff in order to calm the crisis. As mentioned previously, Calhoun and Hayne advocated for nullification. Calhoun had listed several reasons to the Senate and House of Representatives of South Carolina for protesting against the tariff. To summarize,…

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