Soufriere Hills Volcano Essay

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Introduction

In this paper the Soufriere Hills Volcano will be analyzes in several different parts; an introduction to the Soufriere Hills volcano, the composition of the magma and lava in the volcano, other characteristics of the magma and lava, ash production from eruptions, pyroclastic flows, volcanic activity before the 1995 eruption, the 1995 eruption, cyclic activity within the volcano, and potential hazards of the Soufriere Hills volcano.

Soufriere Hills volcano is located in the south central part of the British overseas territorial island of Montserrat near the northern end of the Lesser Antilles volcanic arc in the West Indies (Young et al., 1998). The island of Montserrat is comprised of a number of volcanic centers that range
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Since their arrival, there have been three seismically volcanic crises that erupted at approximately 30 year intervals in the years 1897 to 1898, 1993 to 1937, and 1966 to 1997 (Aspinall et al., 1998). The island of Montserrat lies on the Caribbean plate and is influence by the boundary between the North American plate and the Caribbean plate (Aspinall et al., …show more content…
The second mechanism that generates volcanic ash are the Vulcanian explosions that produces large convecting ash plumes that occurred twice since the 1995 eruption (Voight et al., 1999). In early August 1997 and September/October 1997, the ash in these Vulcanian eruptions were generated from the columns above the vent and from the plumes associated with the pumice flows (Voight et al., 1999). The collapse of the lava domes generated large amounts of fine ash that formed plumes that rose out of the vent to heights of hundreds of meters to a few kilometers that were produced by pyroclastic flows (Voight et al.,

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