Essay about Sonnet 130:- Literary Devices

640 Words Dec 8th, 2010 3 Pages
4. WHAT LITERARY DEVICES ARE USED BY SHAKESPEARE TO PUT FORTH HIS IDEAS IN SONNET-130?
IS HE COMPLETELY ANTI-PETRARCHAN? [16]
1st part
The language spoken and written of great romances is often poetic, passionate, and filled with metaphors of beauty and devotion. In short, the language of love is the language of exaggeration. William Shakespeare ‘s most powerful description of love is when he satirizes this method of writing and in so doing instead claims that honesty and sincerity are the greatest literary devices when speaking the language of love. Shakespeare's sonnet number 130 demonstrates this. This sonnet hooks the reader from the very outset while maintaining sonnet structure and using literary devices as a source of
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While his theme is of a serious nature, accessing it from a satirical point of view is an effective method to access his theme. This is because the literary devices used are a source of comedic energy that shock the reader enough to find this piece of literature memorable.
2nd part
In his Sonnet 130, Shakespeare was parodying a poetic tradition established by the Italian poet Francesco Petrarch who wrote a series of love poems to a woman named Laura. love in the Petrarchan tradition, was spiritual rather than physical.There is passionate admiration but no trace of eroticism.
Petrarch popularized a technique called the blazon - a feature by feature description of the woman using extravagant hyperbole. Edmund Spenser also employed the Petrarchan blazon in his "Epithalamion" .Similarly, Philip Sidney’s Stella and Bartholomew Griffin’s Fidessa are women whose beauties are over the top and ethereal.
On the other hand, spoofing Petrarchan hyperbole ,the lady-love of sonnet 130 is a creature of flesh and blood with the imperfections that may not be seen in goddesses but are attendant on humanity.
However, Shakespeare’s unflattering description of his beloved and the realistic assessment of her physical attributes are reversed by the sincerity of his declaration that he finds her more rare and

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