Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer Or The Artificial Embryo Twinning

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Register to read the introduction… In which already have two complete sets of chromosomes. This means that the embryos have both sets of chromosomes that came from the somatic cell.
In SCNT the nucleus, which contains the organism's DNA, of a somatic cell is removed and the rest of the cell discarded. At the same time, the nucleus of an egg cell is removed. The nucleus of the somatic cell is then inserted into the enucleated egg cell. After being inserted into the egg, the somatic cell nucleus is reprogrammed by the host cell. The egg, now containing the nucleus of a somatic cell, is stimulated with a shock and will begin to divide. After many mitotic divisions in culture, this single cell forms a blastocyst with almost identical DNA to the original
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This process copies the natural way of creating identical twins. Natural twins are created just after fertilization of an egg cell by a sperm cell. When the fertilized egg tries to divide it creates two cells that continue dividing on their own. This creates two separate people in the mother. The two cells will be identical because they came from the same fertilized egg. The lab way of cloning is by taking an egg that has been fertilized by sperm and the Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (SCNT) cloning method will both result in the cell dividing. There is a difference between the two methods. Embryo Twinning contains one set of chromosomes in both eggs. When the sperm and the egg joined creating the fertilized egg, it ends up with two sets of chromosomes one from the father and one from the mother.

Cloning may have advantages in this world. According to a research, cloning can be a solution to infertility. Woman can have their own babies with the help of this technique by implanting the cloned embryos into their bodies. This can eliminate the mental and physical pains among the infertile couples. Cloning can provide organs for transplantation. In other countries, cloning of pigs is used to alleviate the shortage of human organs available for transplantation. One example is that when a patient suffers from liver failure, they will use the pig liver temporarily because there is no human liver available. When they found
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Furthermore, in cloning Dolly, it said that it resulted in the death of many embryos and newborns before the success of this activity. The Dolly experiment started with 277 fused eggs, but only 29 became embryos then all embryos were transferred to 13 sheep and 1 became pregnant with Dolly. This may be the cause of losing the diversity of genes. Diversity of genes comes from parents having different sets of genes. This will weaken our power and adaptations, which make us subject to great diseases easily. Cloning is just copying the identical genes, which means it will decrease the diversity of genes. Cloning is “playing God”. According to Bishop Moraczewski, the power of God given to humans is over the fish, the birds, and all animals, domestic and wild, large and small (Genesis 1:26). Adam and eve have all the power, except that they cannot eat the fruit of the tree that gives knowledge of what is good and what is bad. So the Bishop believes that human cloning is put of God’s permission. There is no evidence that proves humans have the right to change God’s will. Cloning is transgressing the nature. Human and animal cloning transgresses nature, because it is not via the natural reproductive process, which is by a man and a woman. Human cloning is creating

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