Federal Government: Somalia Case Study

1383 Words 6 Pages
Somalia has always been a land of clan’s. Each clan conducts its own society under its own views of the law. In northern Somalia, the clan is trying to setup a society under one law and a representative government. In southern Somalia, there is still chaos. If the American Army must go to Somalia, this could cause problems for them.
The people of Somalia has lived in the state of chaos, violence and anarchy for decades. The reason for this was the rivalry between the major clans of the area. Finally, after several peace conference the formation of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) was completed in 2004. Adbullahi Yusuf Ahmed from Puntland was elected the transitional President in 2004. One of the largest challenges for the TFG
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The next month Somalia’s Federal Parliament elected Hassan Sheikh Mahamoud as President. He appointed Abdi Farah Shirdon as Prime Minister and a ten-member cabinet. The Parliament approved his appointments. The international community welcome the new President and his cabinet and commented to support the new government. This was a start of a New Chapter for Somalia and the hope to once have a credible election.
Even though there has been improvement in security, the Somalia’s Federal Government have faced huge challenges and setbacks. The one huge challenge is the militant group known as al-Shabaab. It continues to carry out violent attacks still today. The Somalia government have launched a new offensive to drive al-Shabaab out of the rural territories it still controls.
Somalia new constitution has the basis of the Islamic Law. The federal government reach is inconsistent. It is strongest around the capital, Mogadishu, but declines outside of the immediate area. The Regional governments operate with varying degrees of independence. This means the local authorities are the clan’s elders who enforce the law based on custom in the
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As the result, a small number of troops from Ugandan was sent to Mogadishu for a peacekeeping mission in March 2007. These troops were referred to as the AMISOM. The AMISOM was mandated to support the transitional government structures, train the Somali security forces and create a secure environment for the delivery of humanitarian aid. The term of the mission was for six months. However, the mission continued to be extended for security reason. There was still some unrest between the clans and now there is the militant group al-Shabaab. Between 2007 and 2009, Somalia still had not rebuilt their national

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