Solution Of Antibiotic Resistance

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Antibiotic resistance is a global health risk. Resilience to antibiotics occurs through the process of bacteria shifting and becoming resistant to the drugs that are used to treat the infections they root. In Tackling antibiotic resistance, Berendonk and colleagues state that “the magnitude of ARB and ARGs increasing the expansion of resistance among bacteria is not fully understood, nor is the idea that ARGs that are obtained by clinically suitable bacteria and environmental bacteria derive from the same source” (310). Globally, researchers don’t even have a fraction of the resources and technologies they need to learn more about antibiotic resistant genes and bacteria. Antibiotic resistance happens when there are a vast number of germs and …show more content…
To explain the problem of using antibiotics for nontherapeutic reasons, farmers should be aware that “prolonged courses of low-dose antibiotics...increase the selective pressure for drug-resistant bacterial strains” (ctd. in So, et al. 38). Also, in Antibiotic Resistance Spreads Internationally Across Borders, Barlam and Gupta provide another reason as to why antibiotic use in food-animals is a problem when they state, “In food-animal production, antibiotics are not only administered to treat sick animals, but also given routinely to prevent illness...”(14). There is a consequence for farmers distributing these drugs for reasons other than their purpose. The result of farms and companies distributing these drugs to their animals, is that the antibiotic residues not absorbed in the animals’ bodies, enters the environment “...with manure and slurry when applied as fertilizer (often in a raw and unstabilized state) and thus contaminate soils as well as surface water and groundwater”, showing how the resistance can cycle back to humans (Berendonk, et al. 315). To fight against these methods of use, new technologies and improved guidance will help lead us …show more content…
Water that is distributed into in our environment, treated or not, contaminates plants, animals, and humans. Berendonk states, “Urban, hospital and pharmaceutical industry wastewater is among the main sources of antibiotic and ARB contamination in soil and water ecosystems” (315). This makes it difficult to stop the spreading of resistance through water because hospitals and pharmacies distribute and prescribe antibiotics various times per day. Another problem that is addressed is that water is an essential in order to grow food for consumption by humans and animals. It is used to supply our plants with energy, but with the heavy use of antibiotics, those resistant genes and bacteria are spreading throughout the globe, making it hard to not cross paths with the epidemic. Finley and other colleagues mention that if antibiotic-resistant bacteria are in the water that is being used for the irrigation system, it could be “contaminating products that could also lead to human/animal colonization with antibiotic-resistant organisms” (707). Also mentioned many times as a problem throughout research is that although treatment of water is supposed to take out all bacteria, most of the time there is still resistant bacteria in drinking water. Barlam and Gupta support this by sharing, “...studies have demonstrated that samples of pooled water from streets as well as from drinking water can also be

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