Solution Focused Therapy Essay

3178 Words May 25th, 2012 13 Pages
Running Head: SFBT Incorporating the Solution Focused Brief Therapy Model with Teen Substance Abusers in Counseling

This paper serves as a tool for discussion and is divided into four parts: to begin with, a brief description of the Solution-Focused Brief Therapy approach is provided. Then provided is a description of the history and development of this therapeutic approach including common developmental and environmental factors. Next an overview of the prevalence of teen substance abuse and the possible cause’s teens chose to abuse illicit drugs and or alcohol is given. Lastly, this report will describe how the Solution-Focused-Brief Therapy approach can be applied as a therapeutic means to helping teens with
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Early therapeutic approaches spent a great deal of time thinking, talking, and analyzing the problems, while the suffering went on. A new therapeutic approach “originally developed by Steve de Shazer and Insoo Kim Berg and colleagues at the Brief Family Therapy Center in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, found worldwide acceptance and has generated excitement and renewed optimism among front-line treatment providers everywhere” (NWBTTC, 2010).
SFBT: History and development
The SFBT approach was established during the 80’s by de Shazer and Berg, expanding upon the findings of Watzlawick, Weakland and Fisch. Bannick writes “they believed that the attempted solution would often perpetuate the problem, rather than solving it and that an understanding of the origins of the problem is not (always) necessary” (Bannick, 2007). SFBT suggests: the solution is not necessarily related to the problem and the “client is the expert; if it is not broken, do not fix it; if something works, continue with it; if something does not work, do something else” (Bannick, 2007).
Bannick pointed out that de Shazer and Berg looked at specific types of questions that would result in change; “What would you like instead of the problem? What is better? How did you do that exactly? What exactly did you do differently?” (Bannick, 2007). Followed by verbal rewards: giving compliments and asking

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