Socrates Plato Aristotle and Immanuel Kant Views on Happiness Government Religion and Objectivity

2514 Words Mar 17th, 2013 11 Pages
We are taught at a very young age that we are to seek out happiness, yet no one really knows what that is. When you are a child, happiness could be found by playing with toys, and schoolmates. When we are children, our concept of happiness is minimal. As years passed, our concept of happiness becomes much more expansive. We are schooled to think that if we succeed at something, whether it is at a career, college or in relationships, we are seeking to be happy. Some people seek out happiness through religion, or a spiritual leader, "Who so trusteth in the Lord is happy" (Proverbs 4:7). It seems that everyone has their own idea as to what makes them happy. It becomes ingrained in us that seeking happiness is the point of our existence. To …show more content…
Therefore, they are not unified in their view of who needs to be punished and how severely. Plato has a concept of a God which shares many traits with the Christian idea of God. Socrates' God is a single God who is the source of creation (Jameson 2009). He also depicts God as being inherently good. He depicts a God that motivates with goodness rather than punishment (Jameson 2009). Aristotle moves even closer to the idea of a single and unified God. With his idea of the unmoved mover, a single being is pointed to as being the original source of all movement and change in the world. Aristotle's statement that, "We say therefore that God is a living being, eternal, most good, so that life and duration continuous and eternal belong to God; for this is God (Aristotle)," paint a picture of a single God that is much like our Christian God. Through Socrates' debates about the contradictory nature of polytheism, to Plato's original creator, to Aristotle's unmoved mover, these three philosophers gradually move from a polytheistic religious view to one that leans toward a monotheistic view (Jameson 2009). However, Kant having been reared in a distinctively religious environment, he remained concerned about the place of religious belief in human thought and action. As he moved towards the development of his own original philosophical system in his pre-critical period through the years in which he was writing each Critique and subsequent works all the way to the

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