Socrates ' Last Dialogue, The Phaedo, And The Existence Of The Soul

1163 Words Mar 28th, 2016 null Page
Over the past two thousand years, professors, students and philosophers have studied Socrates’ sayings with much admiration on his wisdom. Socrates’ most prestigious words come bravely when he is facing his own death. In Socrates’ last dialogue, the Phaedo, Socrates argues for the existence of the soul by giving four arguments as to why the soul is eternal. He argues the argument from opposites, argument from the equal also known as the theory of recollection, the argument from affinity, and the argument from the “form of life.” These arguments were made hundreds and hundreds of years ago when they were hard to dispute. However, one can now see that Socrates’ arguments are flawed and he had little ground in which to argue for the soul’s eternity. Taking a closer look at his arguments, one can now argue more concisely that the soul does not have pre- and post- existence, but that the soul is immortal and only has post-existence. Socrates’ first argument was that of the opposites, he explained that everything derives from its contrary, however, one can see that this argument is incorrect. Socrates believes that slowness comes from quickness just as quickness comes from slowness, that being asleep comes from being awake just as being awake comes from being asleep (Plato 87-88). In that same respect, one can argue that life comes from death just as death comes from life. However, if the soul is eternal and never dies, as this is the main point of Socrates’ argument, then the…

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