Essay on Socrates And Socrates 's ' Phaedo '

1964 Words May 7th, 2015 null Page
Plato’s Phaedo is set in the city of Philius where a follower of Socrates, named Phaedo, meets Echecrates, a thinker. Echecrates was very interested in Socrates’s final hours before he died and Phaedo was the best person to tell the story since he was present on Socrates’s last day. In Phaedo, there are two separate degrees of narration: Phaedo is telling Echecrates the story of Socrates and Socrates’s final philosophical discussion prior to his death. The reason for Socrates’s death was that he undermined the official religion of Athens, which made him “corrupt the youth” and simultaneously created new spiritual theories. However, Socrates’s last philosophical discussion in Phaedo isn’t even genuine: Plato isn’t even with Socrates on his last day! So as a truthful assumption, these weren’t the ideas of Socrates, but an interpretation from Plato himself. In Preliminaries (57a-69e), it is quite clear that Socrates is in fact not afraid of death. Socrates says “Tell this to Evenus, Cebes, wish him well and bid him farewell, and tell him, if he is wise, to follow me as soon as possible” (61c). In this quote, Socrates suggests that Evenus leave the material world "if he is sensible to come after me [into death] as quickly as he can"(61b8). This implies that Socrates is accepting his fate of death instead of grieving; as a philosopher, death was a reality accepted because that is when the soul becomes "alone by itself as far as possible, disregarding the body"(64d).…

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