A) Compare and contrast the functionalist, conflict, and interactionist theoretical approaches to the study of society. How does each approach view society, the individual, social order, and social change? Your textbook analyzes sports in terms of various perspectives. Using the analysis of sports as a model, analyze the role of television from the functional, conflict, and interactionist approaches.
The approach one takes to study a particular subject is called a perspective. There are many subjects to be studied and discussed in the field of Sociology. Perspectives name different ways in which different people choose to analyze a subject, and how they look at a society as a whole. The three different perspectives are the functionalist,
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Nearly all reality television shows use some sort of conflict over resources to keep their ratings going through the roof. It seems that people relate easily to the manufactured struggles and dysfunctions because of the everyday struggles they must endure. The interactionist perspective generalizes about fundamental or everyday forms of social interaction. The interactionist perspective focuses on the way that small groups act in order to understand society as a whole. They study people in their everyday behavior and how they react to their surroundings. These surroundings can include everything from; material things, actions, other people, and symbols. The interactionist view of society is that we influence each other's everyday social interactions solely by being there. In contrast to functionalist and conflict perspectives, the interactionist perspective studies society on a micro-sociological level. They study on a smaller individual scale in order to understand the large scale. Interactionists believe that an individual creates their own social world through their interactions, and that social order is maintained when people share their understanding of everyday behavior. Interactionists say that social change occurs when the positions and communication with one another change (Schaefer, R. T. 1997).
Part of the reason Reality TV has become so popular is that people watch it, then compare themselves and their actions with that of the reality TV stars.