Sociology : A Sociological Perspective Essay

1039 Words Dec 9th, 2015 null Page
Sociology can be defined as "The systematic or scientific study of human society and social behavior, from large-scale institutions and mass culture to small groups and individual interactions" (Ferris & Stein, 2014: p. 9). Sociologists seek to look through a sociological perspective. Bernard McGrane uses the term 'beginner 's mind ' or approaching the world without preconceptions in order to see things in a new way. C. Wright Mills uses the term 'sociological imagination ' or the ability to look at issues from a sociological perspective. . Sociologists use multiple research methods to collect data and can be broken into quantitative and qualitative research. Quantitative research is mathematical, and qualitative is field notes, transcripts, photos, and tape recordings. The three main theoretical perspectives sociologists use is structural functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism Structural functionalism is a macro-level theory, one that studies large-scale social structures in order to determine how they affect the lives of groups and individuals. This system is made up of structures such as family, education, politics, and the economy, that meet the needs of society by performing specific functions for the whole system. Conflict theory is also a macro-level theory, with its central concern being social inequality emerging from the writings of Karl Marx. Social conflict is the basis of society and social change and argues that a social arrangement 's…

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