Essay on Sociology 101 Study Guide Exam 4

1496 Words Nov 20th, 2012 6 Pages
Deviance
1) defining deviance is difficult and subjective (sociologists don’t agree).
2) for our purpose deviance must
A) violate significant norms.
B) Result in negative evaluation for reaction.
1) Conflict theory.- stress that the power elite uses the legal system to control worker and to stabilize the social order, all with the goal of keeping itself in power. The poor pose a threat, for if they rebel as a group they can dislodge members of the power elite from their place of privilege. To prevent this, the power elite makes certain that heavy penalties come down on those who’s crimes could upset the social order.
2) Functional theory- Argue that crime is a natural part of society. Stress that the sociall classes differ in
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In extreme cases sanctions may include social discrimination and exclusion.
Prejudice- An attitude or prejudging, usually in a negative way.
Discrimination
1) Individual- Treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person based on the race, class, group, or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than on the individual. 2) Institutional- The unfair, indirect treatment of an individual embedding in the operating procedures, policies, laws, or objectives of large organizations. Can occur without conscious cause, is often subtle and nearly invisible, reinforced by the interrelationship of social institutions. Example- jobs not hiring people under the height of 5’4” which eliminates most Mexicans and women, or in other countries women aren’t allowed to participate in some religious activities or government.
Post-Industrial Society- Society based on information, services, and high technology, rather than on raw materials and manufacturing.
Economic Systems 1) Capitalism-An economic system characterized by the private ownership of the means of production, the pursuit of profit, and market competition. 2) Socialism-An economic system characterized b the public ownership of the means of production, central planning, and the distribution o goods without a profit motive.
Genocide- The attempt to destroy a group of people because of their presumed race or ethnicity (ethnic cleansing).

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