Socioeconomic Status And Health Inequality Essay
The American Psychological Association (2015) defines socioeconomic status as being, “commonly conceptualized as the social standing or class of an individual or group. It is often measured as a combination of education, income, and occupation”. A low socioeconomic status can create health disparities among marginalized groups. According to Statistics Canada, “income is a well-established health determinant—people with lower incomes tend to experience less favorable health outcomes, including poorer self-rated health, higher prevalence of disease, and decreased life expectancy, then do people with higher incomes”. A person with low socioeconomic status experience’s limited access to healthcare, food insecurities, and inadequate housing situations. As a result of these experiences, health complications have been recorded and the links between a person’s socioeconomic status and health are undeniable. The key points that will be covered in this argument in regards to low socioeconomic status and health inequality are: access to health care, food inequality, and inadequate housing.
Key Point 1: Limited Access to Health Care
1. Access has been defined as the ability for an individual to have health care needs met where he/she has a need for health care services in the past year. Therefore, a lack of access results in a person who has had an unmet health care need for which they felt it like it was needed but was not received (Ives,…