As social work students who are interested in the social work fields of private practice, criminal justice, and education, we are likely to encounter adolescents at-risk of encountering the juvenile justice system or with a history in the system. Included in the ever-growing prison population in our country are thousands of people under the age of 18. In late 2014, there were over 50,000 adolescents under the age of 18 in juvenile detention facilities and over 4,000 adolescents under the age of 18 held in adult detention facilities. (Juveniles in Corrections: Demographics, n.d.). The population of females in juvenile institutions is growing as well, in addition to the number of males (McGlynn, Hahn, & Hagan, 2012). Although the number of juveniles held in detention facilities is down from over 100,000 around the turn of the century, there are still a significant number of institutionalized youth (Juveniles in Corrections: Demographics, n.d.). Many youth who are offenders in the juvenile court system go on to become offenders in the adult court system (Karger & Stoesz, 2014).
With a future interest in working with adolescents and families in different areas, including avoiding the destruction and hardship of prison, we examined cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), a method of therapy that is widely used throughout the juvenile justice system in the U.S.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Review
Assumptions and Concepts
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), which arose as a backlash…