Social Structure And Cultural Deviance Theory

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SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND SOCIAL PROCESS 6 legitimate goals. Merton maintained that legitimate goals, involving such thing as wealth, status, and personal happiness are generally portrayed as desirable for everyone. The acceptable means to these goals, including education, hard work, and financial savings, are not equally available to all members of society. As a consequence, crime and deviance tend to arise as alternative means to success when individuals feel the strain of being pressed to in a socially approved ways but find that the tools necessary for such success are not available to them. Merton mode of adaptation is conformity signifies acceptance of goals that society holds as legitimate for everyone, innovation form arises when an …show more content…
This theory is also known as the cultural deviance theory. This can be defined as the “social clash” between the different social groups when looking at what is described as acceptable and proper behavior. Sellin describes two types of culture conflicts; the primary conflict is regarded as the clash between cultures, and the secondary conflict takes place when values of smaller culture belonging to a larger culture clash Schmalleger, (2012). The subculture theory is in reference to a smaller group of people within a larger group. The larger group might be the poverty …show more content…
Containment theory argues that people are induced towards crime through internal factors such as discontent or the need for immediate gratification, through external pressure such as adverse living conditions, and through external pulls such as deviant companions. A positive self-image prevents crime by containing the effects of criminal attractions. Hirschi’s social control theory emphasizes the role of attachment to conventional others, commitment to conventional goals, involvement in conventional activities and beliefs in conventional values for preventing

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