Social Relations : Maintaining Relationships And Group Membership

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Social Relations: Maintaining Relationships and Group Membership SNSs facilitate maintaining relationships, frequent communication, and establishing connections. Recent studies found motivation to be one of the most important predictors of online activity (e.g., the amount of time spent on SNSs per day, the number of times individuals check their profiles) (Ross et al., 2009; Spitzberg, 2006). The most recurring finding argues that the primary motivation of using SNSs is to maintain existing relationships that were established offline (Jordan-Conde et al., 2014; Ellison, Steinfield, & Lampe, 2007). Research shows this is especially true for college students and young adults’ primary use of SNSs (Chen & Marcus, 2012; Pempek et al., 2009). Moreover, young adults focus on connecting or reconnecting with family and friends (Subrahmanyam, Reich, Waechter, & Espinoza, 2008). Individuals access information about each other through SNSs, which helps them maintain relationships; the information accessed online acts as a resource in face-to-face communication (Steinfield, Ellison, & Lampe, 2008). For instance, individuals may find their friends got a new job and congratulate them later in person. Accordingly, self-disclosure on SNSs facilitates not only identity development but also social relations. Communication. SNSs help maintain relationships by making communication more manageable (Jordan-Conde et al., 2014). SNSs may appear to limit communication, as users must adapt…

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