Social Issues In Criminal Justice Research

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Criminal Justice research is to gain an understanding of human behavior. The criminal justice system is all about people and how they interact with situations and things. Social norms define behavior that is acceptable and expected by society. However, acceptance of an attitude or behavior by the individuals in society is not always universal. The cause of social problems today and the effect of social problems today on society generally manifest themselves through involvement of the criminal justice system.
Research in criminal justice may provide an ability to interact with people of different backgrounds religious, cultural and ethnic. Trying to understand why people act the way they do is critical to determining the best way to resolve
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The UCR Program collects statistics on violent crime, murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault and property crime like burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft. The FBI, which administers the program, periodically releases the crime statistics to the public. UCR crime statistics are used in many ways and serve many purposes. They provide law enforcement with data for use in budget formulation, planning, resource allocation, assessment of police operations, etc., to help address the crime problem at various levels. Chambers of commerce and tourism agencies examine these data to see how they impact the particular geographic jurisdictions they represent. Criminal justice researchers study the nature, cause, and movement of crime over time. Legislators draft anti-crime measures using the research findings and recommendations of law enforcement administrators, planners, and public and private entities concerned with the problem of crime. The news media use the crime statistics provided by the UCR Program to inform the public about the state of …show more content…
For example, if a user wants to measure the effectiveness of a law enforcement agency, these measurements are not available. As a substitute, a user might list UCR clearance rates, rank them by agency, and attempt to infer the effectiveness of individual law enforcement agencies. This inference is flawed because all the other measures of police effectiveness were ignored. The nature of the offenses that were cleared must be considered as those cleared may not have been the most serious, like murder or rape. The agency’s clearances may or may not result in conviction, the ultimate goal. The agency may make many arrests for Part II offenses, like drug abuse violations, which demonstrate police activity but are not considered in the clearance rate. The agency’s available resources are also critical to successful operation, so its rate of officers to population and budget should be considered. The UCR clearance rate was simply not designed to provide a complete assessment of law enforcement effectiveness. In order to obtain a valid picture of an agency’s effectiveness, data users must consider an agency’s emphases and resources; and its crime, clearance, and arrest rates; along with other appropriate

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