Social Isolation And The Inner City Neighborhoods Essay

761 Words Oct 14th, 2015 4 Pages
According to Curley, (2005), urban poverty has been a huge issue for hundreds of years. The people living in inner-city neighborhoods were the primary target for poverty. It had a tremendous effect on the black population; it increased by 164 percent in ten years alone. Finding a job became hardly impossible. Neighborhoods began to segregate, leaving the disadvantaged poor behind. The neighborhoods relied on welfare to make ends meets. This led to an increase in crimes, births, and female- headed households’ rates. (p.97) William Wilson’s thesis, The Truly Disadvantage, explained how social conditions led to urban underclass. He first explained how social isolation and concentration effects affected the inner-city neighborhoods. He argued that there were more jobs available in suburbs than in inner-city neighborhoods. The jobs that were available required formal education and credentials. The lack of education made it harder for them to get jobs. The joblessness forced inner-city neighborhoods to start merging with lower, working, and middle-class black families. By the 1980’s the middle-class and the working-class had moved out the inner- city neighborhoods. Those who were left behind, Wilson referred to them as the urban underclass. The isolation between the groups left the underclass vulnerable. (p. 98)
Massey and Denton, explained in their book American Apartheid, how residential segregation and discrimination limited the employment, education, and…

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