Three Main Events Of The Industrial Revolution

840 Words 4 Pages
The Industrial Revolution was from 18th to 19th century and began in Britain. It improved people’s quality of life by selling good quality products at an affordable price. This revolution may have good changes, such as advanced technology and textile industry, but there also was a bad side of it. It changed the lives of people in Europe socially, economically and politically. The three main events of Industrial Revolution that socially affected the workers were their working conditions, health and child labour.

First of all, during this period, the workers were suffering from bad working conditions. The workers from the 1790s to 1840 had to spend most of the time working. They were staying in the factories for 10 to 14 hours a day and only
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Due to the bad working condition, including overcrowded and lengthy working hours. Too many people in a small area affected the hygiene in the factories. Overcrowded people caused the poor cleanliness of the factories, because more people produced more rubbish. No one could be able to clean with that many people. Illnesses could also be easily transferred to one another so a lot of people would be sick at the same time. The long period of work time would cause the workers not having much rest which reduced their physical resistivity. Additionally, people didn’t have much nutrition at that period and didn’t have well developed hospitality which made them harder to recover from their sickness. Some machines polluted the air in the factories which workers were surviving in a lot of carbon dioxide. This also shortened their life expectancy and led to a higher infant mortality. According to research, the average life expectancy in England rural areas was 45 years old, but it was 37 years old in London. Due to high infant mortality, the amount of child labour increased by a lot which led to the following social …show more content…
In material factories, as new power weavers and spinning mules were the displacements of workers, factories hired child to do labour to decrease the price of products. Child labour were the cheapest labour out of the labours as they were not skilled and experienced. Half of the amount of child population were forced by their families to work and earn more money even though they were only paid 1/10 of what the adults workers were paid so they could contribute to the families monthly income. They had to work for 16 hours a day pretty much doing what grown men would do. They even tried working up to 19 hours and have an hour of total break. As the children would be very sleepy due to the amount of rest, supervisors had to whip them to keep them awake. Although people gave the children some easier work to do, they had to work near to some huge, substantial, and hazardous gear. Children would have to be ‘weighted’ for being late or not working up to expectations. Weighting was that a supervisor would attach a substantial weight to laborer's neck, and had them to stroll over the manufacturing plant paths so the other kids could see them and wouldn’t dare to be late or make any mistakes. Sometimes, boys were dragged out of their bed naked for being late for only few minutes. Doctor Turner Thackrah stated that the children who worked in the factories were “almost universally ill-looking, small, sickly,

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