Social Impacts Of The Crusades

Good Essays
Over time there have been many debates as to whether the Crusades made a large impact amongst European society, socially, politically and economically. Throughout the following essay it will be argued as to why Europe needed the crusades to transition out The Dark Ages. The Crusades were great military expeditions undertaken by the Christian nations of Europe for the purpose of rescuing the holy places of Palestine from the hands of the Muslims. The reason for the crusades was a war between Christians and Moslems which centred around the city of Jerusalem.
The City of Jerusalem held a Holy significance to the Christian religion. There were a total of nine crusades. The first four crusades were seen as the most import and insufficient reference
…show more content…
It was Christians' eagerness to suffer horrible violence in the name of their God that inspired so many to convert to Christianity (Biblical Archaeology, 2015). Once Christianity became the state religion of Rome, it adapted to allow for the violence necessary to build and maintain an empire. Pope Urban II called the First Crusade in an attempt to reduce violence among Christians, by redirecting that violence toward Muslims. Unfortunately for the Pope, his plan to redirect did not work. To whatever his intentions in doing this, Urban had not only justified violence, he'd commanded it and the holy warfare became a will of god in which was the role for all Christians to follow. Western Europe's literacy rate was dismal compared to the highly literate Greeks. Western European culture was primitive and violent compared with the refined civilizations of the East. Arabs and Greeks could relax in heated baths or shower beneath running water, while Western Europeans rarely bathed at all. When the Europeans returned from the Crusade full of new desires and ambitions, the Western aristocrats developed a taste for Eastern luxuries, and Western scholars began to embrace a philosophical tradition, which had begun with the Greeks and had flourished under Islam. These impressions the East Conquest was instrumental in shaping the civilization of the …show more content…
The taxes aristocrats and the ministry levied during this time provided the template for future taxation throughout Europe (History online “The Crusades”, 2015). The popularity of financing crusades through borrowing resulted in the formation of the continent's first institutions, stimulated the European economy and led to the growth of the middle class. The aspect of this would then lead to the destabilization of the Feudal System. The demand for trade caused the recurrence of the town, which led to the creation of unifications. Unifications created standardized practices and the regulation of trade that would become centre pieces of modern economics.The economic impacts of the crusades began to come together mainly in the 4th crusade between Italy and their new Eastern marketplaces lay the ancient and powerful Byzantine Empire. Byzantines had an excellent navy, and for centuries they had let down the efforts of the Italians to gain domination on Mediterranean trade. The Venetians solved this problem by leading the crusaders to attack the capitol of the Byzantine Empire, in the Fourth Crusade. With this empire out of the way, there was unchallenged power over the Mediterranean Sea. As if the profitable trade in luxuries were not enough, the Italian city enjoyed another huge windfall from the Crusades. European monarchs did not just want to bring Eastern luxuries to the West; they wanted to bring

Related Documents

  • Good Essays

    The Crusades were influenced by the Eastern culture. Because of this the Crusades took the opportunity to spread the idea. They saw the way there country treated each other and decided to spread it throughout the land that they occupied in the Western Nations. This made the peoples Social life more courteous to one another and spread the chivalry around the Western Nations. The last are that will be focused on is the Religious area. Religion was pretty big with the Crusades were the Christians,…

    • 654 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Crusades was a very important time for Europe's medieval period. It caused very significant changes to Europe. The first Crusade was in 1096. One of the most obvious and leading factors that lead to the first Crusades was the role of religion, specifically Christianity. During the Crusades, the economic system in Europe was in the state of transition. Another factor that led to the Crusades would be the defeat of the Byzantine by the Seljuk Turks in 1071. The Crusades opened up a lot of trade…

    • 425 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    crusaders but do not know what its definition is. “The term crusade refers to holy war.” (Bentley et al, pg 422) Crusades were people who would defend Christianity and fight for it when the pope declared the need. They are important icons of Christianity. There are many consequences of the crusades, both good and bad. This paper will discuss the impact and characterize the overall significance of the crusades. The intended use of the crusades were to reunite Christian regions, support the Papacy, and…

    • 344 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays