Alter's Theory Of Social Psychology

Improved Essays
Social psychology is the science of conflict between the individual and society, says Moscovisi. As to the object he says there is no unanimity on this point, but formulated as central psychosociology sole purpose of all phenomena related to ideology and communication, according its genesis, its structure and function.
The first consists of systems of representations and attitudes; they refer to all the familiar phenomena of social or racial prejudice, stereotypes, beliefs, etc. They express a social representation that individuals and groups are formed to act and communicate. It is these representations that give physical form to this reality and imaginary half is social reality. With regard to the phenomena of social communication, they
…show more content…
The first is that the mere presence of an individual or group to which an individual choice or learn more easily and less original family responses, while the second is an individual under the pressure of an authority or a group adopted the opinions and behaviors of that authority or group. This leads to define more precisely the way they may consider Alter (individual or group) to analyze the relationship with reality, with social or social, real or symbolic object. We are either similar to an Ego or Alternaria either to a different, an Alter no more. Depending concerned of the first or second considers different phenomena. The two fundamental psychosocial mechanisms, the social comparison and social recognition, are two ways of perceiving the other in the social field. The author highlights two epistemological obstacles: the first is the fairly widespread opinion according to which must be added a spiritual supplement to social phenomena. This means that you should explore the subjective aspect of the events of objective reality. By objective reality we must understand the economic and social reality, then we return to the social psychology and is asked to understand what people think and feel. The second obstacle keeps perfect symmetry with the first. It is known that psychology studies staggering phenomena: perception, reasoning, anxiety, child development, etc., but studies on the isolated individual, as if he were autistic. Moscovisi also notes that the individual to be isolated no longer belong to a group, a social class, and their reactions are influenced by this

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Which demonstrates how sociology can address social change, by developing theoretical understanding as new social forms emerge. The major debate within sociology of ‘structure or agency’ can force analysis to ignore or reject aspects of social reality or attempt to compromise. Giddens consider structure and agency to be inseparable, situating actions as choices within social frameworks, with empirical study his theory underestimates the real-life restrictions of society for some people. Archer considers both structure and agency as important, but not compounded, as this causes a loss of distinction of the two. Another consideration is how inequality and power effect both the ability of structural forces to control individual actions, and the autonomous persons in resisting those influences.…

    • 2011 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Deviance is viewed as a key piece of a functioning society. Sociologist Emile Durkheim distinguished two components of Functional Analysis which are moral boundaries and promotion of social cohesion. Responding to deviance clarifies moral boundaries between right and wrong and brings people together. Deviant people push a society’s moral boundaries and that encourages social change. As moral creatures, we prefer some attitudes and behaviors to others and typically react to serious deviance with outrage.…

    • 1843 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Our preconceptions control our performances; our preconceptions guide how we perceive and interpret the information, influence social judgments, that is, we do not respond to the reality as it is, but the reality as we build on the mind. Therefore, our shared assumptions about the world can make contrary evidence seems favorable. Our beliefs can generate their own conclusions. Sometimes our intuitive beliefs lead us to act in ways that produce their apparent confirmation, so our beliefs about other prophecies can become…

    • 751 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Social norms have been referenced throughout the field of psychology as the unwritten rules of culture within society. By definition, social norms are rules of a group concerning the appropriateness or inappropriateness of certain values, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors, and are a result of socialization (Bernstein, Penner, Clarke-Stewart, & Roy, 2011). These norms can be categorized as descriptive, injunctive, or reciprocity norms. Descriptive norms are used to describe how the majority of people within a certain group act. Injunctive norms describe what people within a certain group are expected or what they should do.…

    • 814 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Mead The Self Analysis

    • 1665 Words
    • 7 Pages

    For Mead the Self is made up two interrelated dimensions, the me and the I: the me is a result of talking the standpoint of the other and seeing yourself from the standpoint of the other’s attitude and expectations of you, while the I is the self’s response to the others attitude and expectations. As for, Simmel the core of the self and the basic of its individuality are partially made possible by its capacity to have secrets and all human interaction involves what you know about the others as well as what you don’t know or that which remains a secret. Mead analyses his theory of the social self-dimension, which includes the concepts of the “self”, “me” and “I”. He stated the human-self can distinguish between the self and body. The…

    • 1665 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Douglas's Dichotomy

    • 579 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The grid and group theory is used by Mary Douglas as a tool to go beyond the dichotomy. For Douglas, the priority is to use social life as the basis for understanding how people come to know the world they live in. The ‘grid’ axis refers to the individually oriented aspects of social structure, whilst the ‘group’ axis refers to the strength of group ties. The grid axis thus measures how governed and constricted the individual is. Douglas explores past the dichotomy by considering the effect on the individual - both positive i.e allowing one to act, and negative - being the limitations of one’s actions.…

    • 579 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Indeed, if one seeks to understand the Foucauldian resistance, one needs to research the theme of "agonism" in Foucault's thought. “, is resistance against? Foucault's answer is "limits." Foucault is concerned with the foundational issues of a culture. These are basic categories, which he sees as dichotomies, providing the context for social belief and action, such as good/evil and normal/pathological.…

    • 1528 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Structural-Functional theory views society on the macro-level, while the Symbolic Interaction theory views society on a micro-level. This is the main difference between the two because the Structural-Functional theory focuses on groups and how they affect society as a whole while the Symbolic Interaction theory looks at individuals and how their interactions with others shape their personal reality. Compare the Social Conflict theory to the to the Symbolic Interaction…

    • 877 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Conflict theorists believe that there is a very distinct line between what society expects and what is viewed as deviant, and it is used to separate people into two groups accordingly. Conflict Theorists specifically see this issue when talking about middle upper and upper class individuals who have more cultural, economic, and political resources than the lower middle and lower class, so they are given more opportunity to achieve. Symbolic Interactionism view is that socialization is best described through the looking glass-self theory. This theory states that the concept you have of yourself is based on the interactions that you have made with other people. An example of this could be an individual who believes they are intelligent because they consistently get good grades.…

    • 316 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Therefore, both the person's actions, and experiences that determine those actions, rely on socialization. Berger and Luckmann's social construction of reality is best examined when the reality of the situation changes. The meanings beforehand established (ex. cannibalism is bad) can change when circumstances change. "Society is a social product, society is an objective reality, humans are social products"; which means that when the social situation making definitions of what is right change, the definition of what is right can change.…

    • 1629 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays

Related Topics