Social Effects Of Poverty On Delinquency

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Effects of Poverty on Trauncy
Truancy may be operationally defined as the habitual engagement in unexcused absences from school (Dalun, Katsiyannis, Barrett, & Willson, 2007). In regards to juvenile delinquency, truancy cases are minor offenses in court, although it can cause major issues in the future. From 1985 to 2000, juveniles ages 15 and younger accounted for 78% of all truancy cases (Puzzanchera et al., 2004). The percentage of truancy offense cases adjudicated was 63%, with the most common disposition being probation (78%) and out-of-home-placement (10%). The majority of nonadjudicated truancy cases (78%) were dismissed (Puzzanchera et al., 2004).
Truancy is linked to a few major factors, such as social economic status, single-parent
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Peer influence, parental neglect or abuse, poverty, bullying, the media, truancy, trauma, and mental health issues have all been linked to involvement in youth crime (Siegel, 2014). Among these factors, poverty has been found to be one of the leading factors correlating to youth crime (Nikulina, Widom, & Czaja, 2010). In fact, poverty can even be correlated to many of these other factors that are often associated as risk factors for juvenile delinquency.
Behaviors/Crime Involvement
Research suggests that where one resides matters, in terms of quality of family life and life opportunities, which, directly or indirectly, affects youth development and adjustment (Murry, Gaylord-Harden, Berkel, Copeland-Linder, & Nation, 2011). Children who are living in difficult circumstances are more prone to becoming delinquent (Affairs, 2004). Children living in poorer neighborhoods are more likely to be exposed to trauma, parental alcoholism, abusive conditions in the household, overcrowding, HIV/AIDS, etc. The number of children living in these troubling circumstances has increased significantly between 1992 and 2000 from 80 million children to 150 million children (Affairs,
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While there is a large number of people living in persistent poverty, there is also a large number of people only living in short-term poverty. One-third of all children experience poverty at least one year of their life (Duncan, & Rodgers, 1988). However, only one in twenty children experience ten or more years of poverty (Duncan, & Rodgers, 1988). In fact, those who have lived in poverty for just a short period of their life are not very different in their characteristics compared to the general population (Duncan, & Rodgers, 1988). In a study done by Jarjoura (2002), the results concluded that the effects of poverty increase as the duration of poverty increases. (Jarjoura, Triplett, & Brinker, 2002). Jarjoura found that more serious forms of delinquent activity are related to having grown up in poverty. The percent of life in poverty was significantly related to the level of involvement in both assault and property offending, but not to involvement in status offending (Jarjoura, Triplett, & Brinker,

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