Social Effects Of Income Inequality

1875 Words 8 Pages
The main question that I will be addressing is ‘How does income inequality impact the health status of a community/individual?’. In the article ‘Effect of Income Inequality on Health Status in a Selection of Middle and Low Income Countries’ written by Elnaz Hajebi and Javad Razmi, it is argued that income inequality reduces the health status in the poorest areas. That is, population in areas with lower socioeconomic status tend to have a much lower health status then areas that are developed. There are many secondary questions that could be analyzed regarding this topic since there are many external variables and scenarios that could change the final outcome. Another question that is crucial to cover is ‘Are there other factors that may affect …show more content…
An additional policy implication that was suggests areas with high-income inequalities should undertake a redistributive income policy that makes the negative effects of income inequality on health status less severe (Drabo, 2010, 2541). The main question that is addressed in the article titled “Effect of Income Inequality on Health Status in a Selection of Middle and Low Income Countries” is ‘Does income inequality have an effect on general healthcare in lower to middle class areas?’. Although this is a very general question, this question is answered in many different ways with the help of many different methods throughout the study which in turn, gives a more specific answer to this question. This question has a lot of policy relevance because generally speaking, the health care of poorer to middle class areas is far more affected with an increase in then areas that are more developed(Hajebi, 2014, 137). That being said, this specific study caters to the areas that are most impacted making it easier for officials to implement the correct policies. The study used panel data of 65 countries ranging from low to middle class between the years of 2000 and 2011. Also, the study gathered data from the World …show more content…
Although the United States and Canada are considered to be very developed countries, this study has a lot of policy relevance because the two countries being studied are very close in terms of geographic location but not necessarily close in terms of health. Since 1990, the life expectancy gap has increased by almost two times in the United States(Mcgrail et al., 2009, pg.1856). Accordingly, many policies can be implemented to decrease the life expectancy gap and raise overall average age in the country. The data used in this study came from the joint Canada-US survey of health and to gather this data, a 1time phone survey was conducted in both the United States and Canada between the years of 2002 and 2003(Mcgrail et al., 2009, pg.1856). The Joint Canada-US survey of health took samples from every province in Canada and from four different regions in the Unite States(Mcgrail et al., 2009, pg.1856). The main population that was being surveyed were individuals that are 18 years of age or older and lived in a private residence that included a telephone landline. The response rate of the total population of 8688 people was 50% in the United States and 66% in Canada(Mcgrail et al., 2009, pg.1856). To measure the outcome variable of health for this study, the Human Utilities Index was used because it is a very good indicator of health and has been used before in studies of population health(Mcgrail et al.,

Related Documents