Crime Prevention Theory

Better Essays
There are many theories that explain why crimes occur in some places and not in others. For example, the routine activity theory explains that “crime occurs when a motivated offender, a suitable target and the lack of capable guardian coverage in the same place at the same time”. (National Institute of Justice, 2013). Meaning that criminals choose to find their targets within context of their routine activities. The broken windows theory suggest that when maintaining and monitoring urban environment may prevent small crimes. Situational crime prevention theory says that public and crime can be prevented by reducing the chances of crime. For instance, putting more light in dark areas or increase police presence in the area. Crime pattern theory …show more content…
“Crime occurs mostly in small areas, or hot spots that account for a disproportionate amount of crime disorder”. (National Institute of Justice, 2013). There are certain times, days, and locations when disorder tend to concentrate. For example, most of the assaults are frequently between 3:00 a.m. and 7:00 a.m. The reason is because the streets are mostly empty at this times, and it is still dark outside so it is a perfect time to commit crimes. Burglaries try to get away from getting caught, and there is no other perfect time than when people are not home because it gives them time to rob as much as things as they want. “Burglaries mostly occur during daytime hours when residents are not home”. (National Institute of Justice, 2013). One way to help authorities identify hot spots is by using the Maps and Geographic Information Systems. The maps can help to visualize specific locations, to show were the hots pots are. The geographic information system is used to combine street maps, data about crime, and public disorder. The GIS shows how many incidents have occurred in that area with maps and colors on each cell. Another way that helps policing to identify hot spots is by using the statistical test. Statistical test determines whether an area with a high number of crimes is a hot spot or whether is just a random occurrence. “CrimeStat III is a spatial statistical program that analyze the locations …show more content…
There are some many ways that the community can help to reduce crime. Hot spot can help the police to identify areas where there is a significant activity or danger. Mapping is another tool that the police use to help identify and visualize where the crime is taking place at. Knowing that the police has many tools as well as software programs that help to identify where offenders tend to commit crimes makes the community feel safer about their neighborhood but most importantly it helps to get danger people of the

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    He focuses on how certain urban areas are unevenly developed; which leads to how crime can occur more often in certain locations that offer specific criminals advantages. In my book report, I want to evaluate criminal behavior based on the context of St. Jean theory while also looking at how they relate to the context of my own theories. I will also identify the main points of theories and key findings…

    • 1333 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Due Process Model

    • 822 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The due process model tries to protect suspects from errors and the abuses that can occur in the system, seeing the criminal justice system having many errors that could occur as suspects are arrested and sentenced. What is community policing? Community policing is the assigning of the same group of policemen to a particular area so that they become familiar with the residents…

    • 822 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Police Officer Duties

    • 805 Words
    • 4 Pages

    I chose to evaluate and study chapter six because it discusses the overall job of police officers, but it also contradicts several ideas people have about the actual job of a police officer due to false perceptions through media. This chapter also discusses many different plans that have been put into action in order to cut down on crime, but also be cost effective. This chapter explains how the size of the department can change the most effective way to approach crime in that area. It also explains options departments have to try to deter crime, such as drugs. Police officers can patrol known areas of drug usage, but they can also work intelligence in that area to give them additional information.…

    • 805 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It explains how some offenders let their impulsiveness take over. The Routine Activity theory is extremely helpful in understanding how some crimes happen, such as burglary. It explains how the absence of those three aspects can make some people and things prone to victimization. It is able to explain how sometimes people can prevent crimes from happening if they take the right steps. But, it also explains how some crime is inevitable because people do not take certain safety steps.…

    • 1330 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Along with that another important goal of hot spot policing is crime prevention because taking a proactive stance can go a long way in maintaining the crime reduction that was made in an area. Anthony Braga supports this when he stats (2001) “the ability of the police to prevent crime may have more to do with how well they are focused on specific crime risk factors then how well they randomly patrol large areas, and make large numbers of reactive arrests. The hope is that result of these two goals would be that when you have measures in place to prevent crimes early stages of deviancy and having a patrolling unit in the area more often crime would reduce. The empirical data below will go a long way in showing if successfully using those goals makes a successful…

    • 1273 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    SOIL Project Proposal

    • 1541 Words
    • 7 Pages

    I have determined that the broken window effect would work alongside this approach into making Emerson a safer city. If Emerson were to focus their officers in high crime neighborhoods, fixing up one area can possibly show other criminals from other areas that there is not point of them committing crimes as there are officers around fixing things up with community members. Another advantage that can be noted if we were to replace SOIL, would be that there would be a decrease in crime overall. I noticed, when I was working in Pastastan, that having undercover officers and on duty officers in high crime neighborhoods, allowed for there to be more arrests and the surrounding areas showed a decrease in criminal activities. Presumably, the surrounding area criminals noted that there was an increase in arrests and officers in their partner neighborhood and decided to end their activities.…

    • 1541 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The concept is that the community and the police can work together to solve problems related to crime, fear of crime, disorder and neighbhorhood decay. This will help to improve the quality of life in that neighborhood. It will also control crime and rise public saftey. Community- oriented policing focuses on a proactive method within law enforcement. It addresses the root cause of criminal and disorderdly behavior.…

    • 1805 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Auto Thefts

    • 2331 Words
    • 10 Pages

    Studies indicate poverty, community structure, instability of the neighborhood, surrounding crime, population density, mixed land use, cohesion and trust all affect crime probability. The presence of police or guardians only affects crime when there is a high concentration of motivated offenders. It is apparent from the research the issues of crime, particularly auto theft, are motivated by opportunity and community structure. Police, through education, may influence opportunity but additional resources and organizations are necessary to affect community structure. We cannot ignore, despite the challenges and limited affect, efforts by police to reduce auto theft.…

    • 2331 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Repeat victimization can be used to predict future hotspots of crime (Bowers et al., 2004; Farrell and Pease, 2001; Pease, 1998). Near repeat victimization occurs when counter measures are taken to prevent repeat victimization. For example, a burglary in a wealthy area can force the householder to up the security making it difficult for repeat victimization, hence the offender may prefer committing the crime at a neighboring house in the same area. Studies show that…

    • 2082 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Crime Hot Spots

    • 862 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The theories listed are Routine Activity Theory, Theory, Social Disorganization Theory, and Crime Prevention Theory. A number of factors influence where crime occurs, including the physical and social characteristics of the place and the people using the place. (Burgess 2011). Crime analysts look for events that might indicate a number of related crimes. They observe neighborhoods and neighborhood clusters with high crime levels and try to link them to underlying social…

    • 862 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays

Related Topics