Social Control In The Puritan Period

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The Puritan Period was a time of the fundamental mode of juvenile control which was the family, with the church and other social institutions which were expected to handle juvenile delinquents. With the end of the 18th century, the family was the main economic unit; family members began working together farming or in home based trades. At this time children had become and were important contributors to these family based industries. At this time the Colonial Puritan philosophy regarding juvenile behavior was enacted into law, in 1646 Massachusetts passed the Stubborn Child Law, which created the first status offense which was an act considered illegal for minors only. Also, according to the common law, a youth under the age of 14 may or could …show more content…
Also, during this period the social control which was exerted by the family weakened, children in the workforce had to obey their bosses’ demands, which in turn often conflicted with their parents demands. In addition to this poverty was ever increasing for many families. However, during this time period there were many things done to counteract the continued breakdown of these traditional forms of social control, within these communities created institutions for children in which they could learn good work and study habits, to help them better live in a disciplined and healthy environment to develop character. There were 5 distinct institutions that were evolved to handle the poor, abused, neglected, dependent and delinquent children who were brought before the court, indenture and apprenticeship, mixed almshouses which were poorhouses, private orphanages, and public facilities for dependent children and jails. Thus, in the Refuge period reformers created separate institutions for youths such as houses of refuge, reform schools, and foster homes. The reform schools were intended to provide discipline in a homelike atmosphere where education was emphasized; foster homes emphasized placing neglected and delinquent …show more content…
This act created the first juvenile court in the United States that provided social reform and a structured way to restore and control children in trouble. It also provided a way to care for children who needed official protection. The key features of this act are; defining a delinquent as any detainee younger than 16, separating children from adults in institutions, setting special informed procedural rules for juvenile court. Probation according to the 1899 Illinois Juvenile Court Act was to have both an investigative and a rehabilitate function. Some scholars assert the system was set up to take advantage of children, thus disputing the benevolent motives of the juvenile court founders. Additionally, these scholars have suggested that the civil liberties and privacy rights of juveniles diminished in the process. The progressives further developed the medical model, viewing crime as a disease to treat and cure by social intervention. In addition, 1912 Congress passed the first child labor laws and passage of the Social Security Act in 1935 began major federal funding for programs to aid children and their families. In, 1909 White House Conference on Children and Youth established the U.S. Children’s’ Bureau in

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