Social And Physical Environment Essay

990 Words 4 Pages
Quality of Social and Physical Environments in Preschool and Children’s Development of Academic, Language, and Literacy Skills
Manuel Lee Jr.
Child Psychology – EDPR 7111 Dr. D. Winsor
University of Memphis

Mashburn, A. (2008). Quality of Social and Physical Environments in Preschools and Children 's Development of Academic, Language, and Literacy Skills. Applied Developmental Science, 12(3), 113-127. Retrieved September 24, 2014, from EBSCOHOST.
Introduction
In the United States of America today, we are faced with questions about if our children are getting the best in knowledge. We worry about their social environment as well as their physical location. How much should a preschooler know and do? Andrew Mashburn, professor at the University
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Andrew Mashburn suggests that these 4 year olds who enter a preschool program go through all three simultaneously. When children enter into this program they become, with time and lessons, able to work with others which opens a channel of communication. This allows them to grow mentally and socially. According to Mashburn what children experience in a pre – kindergarten program can take on a major role in the remainder of their educational developments, breaking personal barriers in verbal techniques, maximizing how much knowledge they know & can retain, and finally molding socio-emotional capabilities that challenge the four year olds to be ready for school and allows them to be eager to learn. It was also discussed whether or not the quality of their physical environments caused them to either excel in academic success or fail (Mashburn, "Quality of Social and Physical Environments in Preschools and Children 's Development of Academic, Language, and Literacy Skills", 2008, p. 113). Mashburn states that,” higher quality preschools…have a stronger positive association with developmental outcomes among subgroups that are considered to have experienced greater risks for developmental delays” (Mashburn, "Quality of Social and Physical Environments in Preschools and Children 's Development of Academic, Language, and Literacy Skills", 2008, p. 114). Mashburn did his research. He looked at a multitude of studies that precedes his own and found that there were many inconsistencies. He had to find a control. He had to find a control that was not like any of his predecessors. Mashburn understood that preschool quality is a broad concept with many avenues. It is made up of a vast amount of curriculum characteristics. But pulling those attributes out that have the most concentrated correlation with children’s achievements of school associated skills is the way to enhance academic abilities (Mashburn, "Quality of Social

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