Social Action Theory And Structural Functionalism Essay

1292 Words Nov 28th, 2016 6 Pages
There are multiple methods of responding to a sickness, and finding ways to cure a sickness. Different ethnic groups respond to sickness in a different method. Some depend on natural products to cure their sickness, some use doctors/prescription, and others may ignore their sickness, leaving their body to solve the illness. A concept known as the sick role was established and used as the definition of how different cultures react to sickness. Sick role is a term used in medical sociology regarding sickness and the rights and obligations of the affected. It is a concept created by American sociologist Talcott Parsons in 1951. Talcott Parsons was an American sociologist of the classical tradition, best known for his social action theory and structural functionalism. Research will provide information about the sick role concept and share examples on how three different cultures react and cure their sickness based upon the concept.
Through research, Christine Scarince provides information about Talcott Parsons and Parsons’s concept about sick role. Christine Scarince wrote an article called, Sick Role in Sociology: Definition & Overview. The article summarizes and explains adequate information needed to define sick role and why Talcott developed this concept. Christine states, “Parsons saw the sick role as a form of deviance, or going against societal expectations, because an ill person has different patterns of behavior than the norm.” In Christine mind, Parsons argued that…

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