Smartness In Biographies Of Hegemony By Karen Ho

1609 Words 7 Pages
People who work in Wall Street are considering elites of the society, their works are related to finance and deal with the world economy. There are many students are desiring for working at Wall Street; however, this dream is hard to accomplish because this job is considered for people who are considered “smart”. In Biographies of Hegemony, the author Karen Ho brings up the idea of smartness, which is addresses to people is not only have individual intelligence, but also a person who have the quality of being an expert that has self-confidence, aggressive, and hard-working. Basically, in the article, Ho talks about these students are from Harvard or Princeton and now they are working on Wall Street. Ho believes smartness is a form of impressiveness, …show more content…
Smartness is described for elite students who have outstanding performances at school; while, collective learning is opening for everyone who is willing to learn. Davidson believes that hierarchy is unnecessary because everyone has the same opportunity to study and receive knowledge through collective learning. “While formal education typically teaches hierarchies of what’s worth paying attention to, crowdsourcing works differently, in that is assumes that no one of us individually is smarter that all of us collectively. No matter how expert we are, no matter how brilliant, we can improve, we can learn, by sharing insights and working together collectively” (Davidson 51). Collective learning provides chance for everyone who are willing to learn knowledge. For example, Duke University uses the iPod as an academic device for collective learning. By uploading shared documents online, people from outside Duke University can also have the access to these documents, which makes everyone have the same opportunity to learn. It does not matter who students’ backgrounds are, if they are willing to study, they will have the opportunity to study through collective learning. However, Ho believes hierarchy is necessary, and students who have a higher GPA points will mostly success in the future. “You might ask why we ask about GPA and test scores. Because we’ve done the correlation between top GPA and test scores from top schools and performance in the organization, and we know you will succeed” (Ho 178). Ho believes that students who have a high GPA and test scores will success in the future, however, this is not necessarily true for all students. There are some students who are not performing well, but still succeed in the future. For example, Edison suffered learning disability when he was little, but this could not stop him becoming successful. Later in his life, he invented many remarkable items, which made

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