Smallpox : A Common Form Of Smallpox Essay

1060 Words Nov 30th, 2016 5 Pages
Small Pox
The Disease
Smallpox is a serious, contagious, and sometimes fatal infectious disease. It was one of the world 's most devastating diseases known to humanity. Three of out ten individuals infected with smallpox died. Many survivors have permanent scars, often on their faces, or were left blind. Experts fear bioterrorists could use the virus to spread disease. The pox part of smallpox is derived from the Latin word for “spotted” and refers to the raised bumps that appear on the face and body of an infected person. Smallpox is transmitted from person to person via infective droplets during close contact with infected symptomatic people. There are two clinical forms of smallpox. Variola major is the severe and most common form of smallpox, with a more extensive rash and higher fever. There are four types of variola major smallpox: ordinary (the most frequent type, accounting for 90% or more of cases); modified (mild and occurring in previously vaccinated persons); flat, and hemorrhagic (both rare and very severe). Historically, variola major has an overall fatality rate of about 30%; however, flat and hemorrhagic smallpox usually are fatal. Variola minor is a less common presentation of smallpox, and a much less severe disease, with death rates historically of 1% or less. Smallpox outbreaks have occurred from time to time for thousands of years, but the disease is now eradicated after a successful worldwide vaccination program. The last case of smallpox in the United…

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