Sleep Attacks: The Effects And Effects Of Sleep Disorders

822 Words 4 Pages
Introduction
Sleep disorders affect millions of people across the globe in their social and cognitive function as well as potential self-physical endangerment. Many sleep disorders affect the amount of time one sleeps, leaving one in a sleep debt or simply completely sleep deprived. This affects can affect reaction times, memory, emotional state, and safety. Stress, work, time management, genetics, diet, illness, and medications all play a role in the loss of sleep. This can affect anyone around the world and actually does affects half of adults over the age of 65. Sleep disorders are widely underreported in younger age groups. Thus, It is not clear whether this is a normal part of aging. However, through the advancement of sleep research and
…show more content…
(Roddick and Cherney ) These “sleep attacks” can be triggered at any time without warning leaving one unable to move due to the natural paralyzing agent that the human body produces while in a sleep state. Normally, the body becomes paralyzed during sleep to protect itself from being damaged, but sometimes people are not able to produce this paralyzing agent. Sleep apnea is characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep. This is a serious medical condition that causes the body to take in less oxygen. It can also cause you to wake up during the night. (Roddick and Cherney ) Insomnia is a very commonly reported sleep problem and often goes untreated despite the adverse effects on the one’s quality of life and health. Insomnia is defined by having difficulty falling asleep, maintaining sleep, or by short sleep duration, despite adequate opportunity for a full night’s sleep. (Colten and Altevogt) Restless legs syndrome is an overwhelming need to move the legs which are most prevalent at night along with a tingling sensation in the legs at times. (Roddick and Cherney ) Restless Legs Syndrome is most commonly identified with conditions such as attention deficit disorder and Parkinson’s disease. Actor Michael J Fox is notably known for having and being an advocate of Parkinson’s disease. An estimated fifty to seventy million US adults have some sort of …show more content…
During sleep, the brain rests busy neurons and forms new path ways by also producing proteins that help cells repair damage. (Pietrangelo) In early experiments which used periods of sleep deprivation of ninety plus hours researchers have found that memory and reaction time were significantly affected. (Reynolds and Banks) Total sleep deprivation can result in task perseveration with reduced creative thinking and an inability to perceive the likelihood of making errors. These include constructive thinking, spatial working memory, cognitive throughput, and verbal memory, all of which take effect after periods of sleep loss. (Reynolds and Banks). Lack of sleep can also affect alertness and attention, which without it is virtually impossible to engage in complex cognitive processing. (Killgore) This affects social interactions daily in an unrested person. On the other hand, a healthy rested person with sufficient sleep tend to have even circadian fluctuations in alertness and more rapid variations during normal waking hours. (Killgore) In a theory of psychology called Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs it is stated in order to reach a level of self-actualization, which would be essentially an almost completely healthy human being emotionally and physiologically, one would have to achieve each “step” of the pyramid. The very first step is biological and physiological needs, a part of it being sleep. (McLeod) With that said, it

Related Documents