Slavery: The Causes Of The American Civil War

1091 Words 5 Pages
From February, 1861 through the waning hours of April 9th, 1865, the United States grappled with the defining act of its relatively brief existence. Tensions that started building with the country 's Declaration of Independence reached a violent zenith. The Civil War was more than a struggle for land. It was a struggle for the country 's identity. The south 's plantation economy, based on cotton and maintained by slavery, remains the reason oft cited for America 's civil war but in reality, several friction points led to armed conflict.

The Multicultural North
Northern residents lived in close-quarters and traded with merchants from faraway places. Northerners accepted cultural, ethnic and esthetic differences with an ease not found in the
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For the most part, these slaves served on tobacco and sugar plantations in Virginia. Cotton did not become the south 's most profitable crop until sometime during the 1800 's. However, slavery threatened to spread.
The Missouri Compromise
The Compromise of 1850 (
Slavery 's supporters wanted its established boundaries to expand with the country, while abolitionists continued thwarting their efforts. The senate formed a Select committee to address major points of contention resulting in the Compromise of 1850. The Compromise is a set of five provisions spelling out expansion guidelines and agreements.
Texas relinquished New Mexico and its claims to regions north of the Missouri Compromise ' Line, but kept the panhandle region.
The Utah and New Mexico territories, under the principle of popular sovreignty, were freed to decide whether to allow slavery within their boundaries.
California gained admittance to the union as a free
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By the end, it may have claimed between 620,000 and 850,000 soldiers during battles, but many died from starvation and two-thirds of them died from disease. Typhoid fever, lung inflammations and dysentery spread quickly through field hospitals and prisoner of war camps starved 56,000 soldiers to death. During more than 50 major battles, a broken bone or severe wound meant amputation and surgery was not sterile. Beyond ether, choloroform or whiskey, there was no anesthetic.
The Battle of Antietam, deemed the bloodiest of the entire war, was the clash between Robert E. Lee and Geroge B. McClellan and an important turning point. McClellan 's victory over Lee on September 17, 1862 gave Lincoln justification to announce the Emancipation Proclimation while ending Lee 's northward advance. In addition to freeing slaves, the proclimation kept Britain from recognizing the Confederacy as a legitimate government, removing any support the Confederacy may have enjoyed from The United Kingdom. Minus an important ally, this left the Confederacy to ponder its nonexistent relationship with France.
“War is a hellish way to settle a

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