Slavery In The Constitution

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The Constitution was a new and revolutionary document in America. It established the federal government as the supreme law of the land and extended universal rights towards its citizens in the document itself and later in the Bill of Rights that was amended to it later. However, the Constitution didn’t extend any rights to blacks. It doesn’t specifically acknowledge the concept of slavery, but it is still a proslavery document because it does nothing to end slavery and even has some acts in place that will extend the power slavery has. The Constitution mentions slavery in three different ways without using the words slave or slavery. In Article 1, Section 2 of the Constitution, also known as the three fifths compromise, it refers to slaves …show more content…
Thomas Jefferson and James Madison wrote against having slavery in America. Madison, in The Federalist article 51, says that a civil society ends when a “stronger faction can readily unite and oppress the weaker.” When the weaker are “not secured against the violence of the stronger,” then “anarchy may as truly be said to reign.” If the people want to continue to have their liberty, then the government must protect the weak. The slaves are a perfect example of the weak. They have no rights and are being oppressed by white people. Anarchy was reigning during the creation of the Constitution because the Southern states were threatening secession if the government restricts slavery. Jefferson agrees partially with Madison’s ideas. Jefferson wrote that slaves should work “with their parents to a certain age,” and then be freed to a “place as the circumstances of the time should render most proper.” Blacks would then be sent to a place outside of America to live out their lives in freedom. Jefferson believed that blacks deserved their freedom, but had a “suspicion only” that blacks are “inferior to the whites in the endowments both of body and mind.” Jefferson felt it was wrong to force the slaves to keep working for someone else’s experience, but he also felt that slaves were unable to be a beneficial aspect in …show more content…
The writers of the American Mercury, a newspaper in America, also believed that slavery should end. The American people have stated that all men are created equal, but they still have slavery. The ideas in the Declaration of Independence of everyone being equal are being ignored when it comes to blacks and slavery is allowed to flourish. The systems that support the enslavement of some people, “will no more support the burden of humanity” than a “section of an arch will support a column.” The government system in America will fall if slavery will be allowed to continue. America is punishing innocent people with “endless, hopeless slavery.” They have done nothing to deserve this treatment, but America is forcing them to work their entire life for someone else and to endure countless painful experiences when they don’t perform their job as well their masters wish them to. George Tucker also comments on the fact that slaves should be freed. Some people believe that blacks are advancing in their knowledge at a “pace equal to our own,” but “they are likely to advance much faster.” They realize that they are equals to white people and deserve their rights, but they are being oppressed. They are smart enough to realize that when war occurs and someone offers them their freedom, then they will take it. The Constitution needs to be changed so blacks are free and have land of their own if

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